The Past Tenses - Past Simple - Structure


This video is part of our series on the past tenses in English. We start off the series with the past simple tense. This tense is used to express completed actions in the past. In this video, we focus on the structure of the past simple.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This unit covers the use of equipment and teaching aids. Since unit 14 already covered some of the teaching aid materials such as course work, visual aids, work sheets and etc. I will mainly focus on equipment and touch on the teaching aids if necessary. The unit illustrated the various kinds of teaching equipment, and the necessary protocol in using them correctly. The most common equipment that appear in a classroom is a board. Whether it is a whiteboard, a blackboard or a flip chart. Boards are the most versatile and durable equipment. Board can be used to write, draw, stick some teaching aids on it, or use as a projector screen. Rules of using the board is to keep it clean, keep the writings neat, clean out the unnecessary information, be aware of the student's writing speed. When using the interactive whiteboard(IWB), we need to familiarize ourselves with the equipment. It is best that we ask if there are any colleagues that may assist us with the equipment or training provided by the school. Regardless of what equipment or teaching aids, we always need to prepare extra backup plans just in case of equipment malfunctioning or accident that might ruin any prepared teaching aid. Teaching aids may comes in the physical form as presented in unit 14, however we can also consider audio recordings, videos found on the internet can be treated equally as teaching aids. These teaching aids can be used to increase student's interest in the class while exposing them to authentic materials. However, we need to be mindful of the lengths of these teaching aids, and arrange your class lesson accordingly to the syllabus or schedule. I think the unit taught me always to prepare a backup plans. Equipment not functioning as intended happened quite often according to my own university experience. The back up plans provide a sense of comfort and diminish the waste of time when such occasion arrived. Other important message that I learned, is to be aware of the equipment's state, and student's reaction to the teaching equipment. We need to figure out what teaching method/equipment engaged them most and plan the lesson accordingly.

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