How to Pronounce 'BELLWETHER' - English Pronunciation


In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word "bellwether". This word is a noun and describes someone who takes the lead and sets trends. A long time ago, shepherds hung a bell around the neck of one sheep of its flock designating it the leader. Therefore, bellwether is a combination of the words "bell" and "wether", a male sheep that has been castrated.

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This unit talked about conditional and reported speech. For conditional, there are zero condition, first condition, second condition, third condition, and mixed condition. Below is more detail of these five conditions. Zero Condition: Usage ? It refers to actions and facts that are irrefutable Form ? If/when + present tense, present tense When you boil water, you get steam. Water turns to ice if you freeze it. First Condition: Usage ? This talks about a ?real? situation in the future that is possible, probably or even certain, once the condition has been satisfied. Form - If + present simple, will (or any modal verbs such as must, shall, should, would, can, could, may, and might. If he studies hard, he will pass the examination. She might buy it if she has enough money Second Condition: Usage ? Communicates a present or future ?unreal?, hypothetical situation that is presently not true and is unlikely ever to be true. Form ? If + past simple, would/could/might + base form If I won the lottery, I would travel the world. If I had a time machine, I could go back to the dark ages. (When the verb ?to be? is used in the ?if? clause, it can be ?if I was? or ?if I were?, the latter is more formal.) Third Condition: Usage ? Refers to a hypothetical past action (or non-action) and the hypothetical past consequence/result. As the ?action? was purely hypothetical, the condition could never have been satisfied. Subsequently the consequence is or was impossible. Form ? If + past perfect, would/could/might + have + past participle If I had practiced the piano, I would have been better. (but I didn?t practice the piano ) She would have been angry if she had seen me. (but she didn?t see me) Mixed Condition: Usage ? We sometimes combine a second condition clause with a third condition al clause. Form ? If + past perfect, would + base form If I had listened to him, I would be in serious trouble now (I didn?t listen to him, so I am not in trouble.) For reporting speech, the question word (when, where, why, who, what, how etc.) remains but the form of verb changes into the positive form, the question mark being omitted in reported questions.

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