Ask Linda! How To Pronounce: "Obstinate"


Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

Teaching aids are important because they create a visual and interactive experience for the students. As the students become more engaged, they are more likely to understand the topic being taught. Students can become bored sitting in a classroom for hours. Teaching aids can provide a welcome break for students who have been sitting for awhile and listening to an instructor lecture in front of the room. Educators can use various teaching aids besides textbooks to pique students? interest and demonstrate how things work. Visual aids, such as whiteboards or chalkboards, charts, maps, flash cards, and calendars are commonly used. Presentation tools. Such as bulletin boards, audiovisual equipment, and overhead projectors are also utilized frequently along with multimedia displays and computers. Boards; One of the most fundamental aspects of a classroom is a writing surface that can be used by both the instructor and students. It can be seen in nearly every classroom most of the teachers prefer whiteboards to the traditional chalk blackboards as they are easy to clean. Your students should have a clear, uninterrupted view of the board. Be careful that you don't block learners sitting at the sides of the room. When you write something on the board move away quickly so that students can see what you have written. Interactive whiteboards (IWB) An interactive whiteboard (IWB) device can either be a standalone computer or a large, functioning touchpad for computers to use. A device driver is usually installed on the attached computer so that the interactive whiteboard can act as a Human Input Device (HID), like a mouse. The computer's video output is connected to a digital projector so that images may be projected on the interactive whiteboard surface. Overhead projector (OHP) This projector definitely has a number of advantages that would outdo most other visual teaching aids. For instance, a lecturer can use it in just the same way that he or she would use a chalkboard, but the biggest advantage would be that with the projector, lecturers all over the world now get to face the whole class and maintain eye contact all times with their students instead of having to turn around and write. The drawbacks of this projector include the basic fact that it requires a constant power supply and also requires a white flat surface on which its image can be projected. Another disadvantage is that if the surface is not suitable inclined at the correct angle, the image will suffer from a phenomenon called ?keystoning?.Unlike marker boards and chalkboards, these projectors require a small amount of maintenance. They are more likely to crack or break, so you must be very careful. Visual Aids Visual aids help students understand and remember concepts more easilyWhen you present a concept using a visual aid, you are giving your students something they can associate with that concept. Later, when they try to recall it, all they have to do is bring up the image you used.Visual aids also help you present clearly and smoothly, without complications or tangents. It reduces teacher talking time. Visual aids allow you to explain the meaning behind various vocabulary and structures without explanation. In addition, you can ask prompting questions about your visual aids. For example, if your visual aid is a timeline illustrating someone?s work experience, you can ask them ?How long did Bob work for ABC Inc.? ? etc. Visual aids not only help put the new language out there, they also help remind students of the language they?ve learned as the class goes on. For example, if your students make an error with the target grammar, or use a different word when they could have used a new word from the lesson, you can direct them back to the visual aid as if to say, ?Try and say it like we practiced earlier.?It makes the class more dynamic and fun Worksheets; Printable teacher worksheets are truly an invaluable tool for the classroom for a number of reasons. Not only do these printable teacher worksheets supplement what you are teaching, but they also offer a means for tracking how well your students are learning and understanding the subject matter that you are teaching Rather than assigning individual worksheets, you can put students in groups of two to four, and allow them to finish the worksheets together. This will help to develop the communication and teamwork skills of your students. The Cassette Recorder and CD player; deed, audio projects, radio broadcasting, and student community audio events can become integral parts of the reading, writing, and oral fluency portfolio assessment process. Through independent audio projects, students will also develop and enhance valuable personal and marketplace skills. In addition, teachers who wish to individualize instruction for gifted students as well as physically challenged students can use cassettes as tools for learning centers and individual student projects. The librarian running a neighborhood literacy project, the adult literacy teacher, and the school-based parent/child family literacy program can also use audio cassettes or CDs as initial starting points for developing multiple literacies and reading habits, and discussion skills. Videos and DVDs; As educators, our aim is to get students energized and engaged in the hands-on learning process, and video is clearly an instructional medium that is compelling and generates a much greater amount of interest and enjoyment than the more traditional printed material. Using sight and sound, the video is the perfect medium for students who are auditory or visual learners. With the added use of subtitles each child then has the choice to watch, listen to, or read each presentation. Video stimulates and engages students creating interest and maintaining that interest for longer periods of time. Video Camera; A fundamental objective of student teachers? professional learning is the development of their ability to analyse and evaluate their own pedagogic practice. Multiple mechanisms to support the development of this capacity are typically employed in initial teacher education programs. Dictionaries; Dictionaries are a handy resource for researching different meanings, collocations, examples of use and standard pronunciation. Students know how to use them effectively there are hundreds of hours of self-guided study to be had with a good dictionary. The best way to complement a dictionary investment is strong study skills. As teachers, we play an important role in developing those skills, and this article will explore ways that we can do that. Paper dictionaries, These can be bought cheaply and last a very long time. Students usually complain that big dictionaries are too bulky to bring to class, so I recommend that they have two - a pocket dictionary for class and a 'shelf' dictionary for home study. Online dictionaries, Many traditional dictionaries have online editions. Cambridge, for example, has an online advanced learners' dictionary at, which is easy to use. Electronic dictionaries, A big plus of electronic dictionaries is that they hold a large amount of data in a small space. However, they can be expensive, are attractive to thieves, and they wear out after a few years. The biggest problem lies, paradoxically, in their ease of use. Many students treat them as pocket translators rather than serious tools of study. Course books; From the school administration and some teacher?s point of view, there are several advantages for basing the curriculum on a series of course books. First, the course books have a clearly identified set of achievement objectives which include what the learners are expected to be able to do and what to expect next. These ready-made syllabi contain carefully planned and balanced selection of language content that can be easily followed by teachers and students. Second, when the teachers are teaching each unit in the course books, there is a consistency in the topics and genres in the four skills area (listening, speaking, reading, and writing). This allows for greater autonomy in the learning process. In addition, many inexperienced teachers may find course books to be useful and practical because the ready-made activities and lessons are easy for the teacher to prepare. In many of the course books, the designers even have prepared achievement tests for each unit of study and a teacher?s manual to guide the teacher in their instruction. Finally, course books are the cheapest and most convenient ways of providing learning materials to each student. All of these reasons make using course books a very popular choice in the English learning curriculum. Computer; Using computers in ESL classroom is important for both teachers and learners. Computers can handle a range of activities and carry out programmed functions at amazing speed. They can check exercises after they are done, move students gradually from easier to more difficult exercises according to their levels and abilities. When students fail to answer questions correctly or perform activities, the computer can simulate, drill, or explain the phenomenon in a way that makes it easier. the computer provides students with the information they need to perform a particular task. The computer allows students to communicate with others in different locations.

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