Overdo vs Overdue - English Grammar - Teaching Tips
This video covers the difference between 'overdo' and 'overdue'. As these two words have a similar pronunciation and spelling, their usage is often confused. 'Overdue' describes something that is past a due date or past a scheduled time, for example: I need to pay all my overdue bills to avoid a late fee. 'Overdo', on the other hand, is used when speaking about doing something to an excessive degree, for example: Don't overdo the salt in this recipe or it will taste bad.
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Unit 8 describes the future tense and related rules, usage and teaching guidance with an emphasis on the seven common forms below:
1) future simple ? I will pick up later.
2) future continuous ? I will be getting on the train at five p.m.
3) future perfect ? I will have finished my exams by Monday.
4) future perfect continuous ? He will have been driving for two hours before he reaches Paris.
5) be going + infinitive ? It is going to rain later.
6) the present simple ? The train leaves platform 5 in ten minutes.
7) the present continuous ? I am meeting her for coffee tomorrow.
The future simple forms are:
Affirmative: I shall/will, you will, he she or it will + verb, we shall or will and they will
Negative: I will not/shall not, you will not
Question: Shall/ will I? Will you.
Negative Question: Will/shall not? Will you not? Won?t
Contractors: I?ll, you?ll
The future simple is used for future facts and certainties, promises and predictions without evidence, assumptions, speculations and spontaneous decisions.
Notably, ?shall? is used to make suggestions or invitations and in affirmative sentences, is more formal whereas ?will? generally expresses a stronger intention, coercion or determination.
Teaching ideas regard the future simple include fortune telling, palm-reading, with present simple in time clauses, going on holiday, winning the lottery, predicting future changes or what others will be like in the future.
The future continuous is formed with subject + will + be + verb + ing.
Affirmative: We will be waiting for you.
Yes/No Questions: Will you be holding a red rose? Yes, I will. No, I will not.
Negative: I will not be wearing a dress.
The future continuous is used as follows:
? to say something will be in progress at a particular moment in time,
? to predict the present to say what we think or guess might be happening now,
? for polite enquiries referring to other people?s plans but not to influence the listener?s intentions, and
? to refer to future events which are fixed or decided without suggesting personal intention.
Teaching ideas include arranging diaries, dates, trying to get out of the date from hell and illustrative situations.
The future perfect form is - will + have + past participle.
Affirmative: I will have worked here for 2 years.
Yes/No questions: Will you have worked here for 2 years. Yes, I will. No, I will not.
Negatives: She will not have worked here for 2 years.
The future perfect is used to say that something will have been done, completed or achieved by a certain time in the future. The idea is to look back on the past (a completed action) from a future standpoint. Future perfect generally uses an adverbial expression that signals when the future event will be completed.
Teaching ideas include fill in future diaries and elicit questions in the future perfect, invention of an extremely successful future career, chose a famous historical person and note dates in his or her life and a romantic novelist description.
Future Perfect Continuous
The future perfect continuous form is will + have + been + verb + ing.
Affirmative: I will have been working for seven years.
Yes/no questions: Will you have been working for seven years? Yes, I will. No, I will not.
Negative: He will not have been working for seven years.
The future perfect continuous form is used to say how long something will have continued by a certain time. For example, by the time you get here, I?ll have been working for six hours.
The future perfect continuous often includes an adverbial expression that begins with by. By next week, I will have been searching for work for two years.
Be going + infinitive (?going to? future)
The be going + infinitive form is the verb ?to be? in the present tense + going to + base form of the verb.
Affirmative: I am going to play football next week.
Yes/no questions: Are you going to play football next week? Yes, I am. No, I am not.
Negative: I am not going to play football next week.
The uses of the tense include intentions, predictions based on present evidence and plans (decisions made before speaking).
Teaching ideas include making holiday or birthday plans, going to game, itinerary from a courier, predictions based evidence and songs.
The present simple is composed of:
Affirmative: Subject + base form.
Negative Subject + not + base form.
Question: Do + Subject + base form?
The uses of the tense include to suggest a more formal situation, for timetable and schedules and to suggest a more impersonal tone.
Teaching ideas include compiling or sharing information from airport or railway schedules, writing company press releases and discussing weekly timetables.
The present continuous is made with the present simple tense of the auxiliary verb to be and the present participle of the main verb (verb + ing).
The structures are:
Affirmative: Subject + auxiliary verb ?be? + verb + ing
Negative: Subject + auxiliary verb ?be? + not + verb + ing
Question: Auxiliary verb ?be? + subject + verb + ing
The present continuous is used for definite arrangements (I will be going for a drink later) and for decisions and plans without a time frame (I?m leaving you).
Teaching ideas include diaries, schedules and role-play.
The review of the future tense helped to formalize my knowledge of these rules that native speaker need to recall and will help me explain the concepts to future students.