Capital vs Capitol - English Grammar - Teaching Tips
In this video, we explain the difference between the usage of "capital" and "capitol". These two terms are often confused due to their similar spelling and pronunciation. The word ?capital? is used to refer to a capital letter, a city that serves as a center of government and also wealth in the form of money or property. A good example sentence would be: In American schools, the capital letter "A" means your work was at least 90% correct. This sentence uses 'capital' to refer to a capitalized letter, 'A' in this case. Tokyo is the capital of Japan. In this example, capital refers to the capital city of Japan. The business did not have enough capital to buy the new building. Here, capital means money or wealth. "Capitol" spelled with an ?o? on the other hand refers to the actual capitol buildings in Washington, D.C. and in each US state. We can therefore say: The United States Capitol building is located in Washington, D.C.
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Unit 18 covers modal auxiliary verbs, phrasal verbs, the passive voice and relative clauses to conclude essential English grammar as summarized below.
Modal Auxiliary Verbs
Modals are can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, have to, have got to, need to, need not and ought to. They are used before other verbs to add meaning to the main verb and may express obligation, possibility, probability, permission, prohibition, ability and advice. Modals may express formality and do not change in form according to person. Modals are followed by a verb in its base form. A table is given.
Teaching ideas include role play such as doctor-patient, establishing rules for a hotel or guess the meaning of traffic signs.
There are two voices in English: active and passive. In the passive, the object of the active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb with the focus not on the agent (which may be absent from the sentence) and only transitive verbs (verbs followed by an object) are used in the passive.
Form. Auxiliary verb ?be? + past participle
A table followed of examples.
Perfect continuous is not, notably, used in the passive.
Passive is used when it is not known, not important or we don?t want to say exactly who performs an action or used with ?by? when the speaker or writer wants the listener or reader to know who performs an action.
Teaching ideas include cutting up active and passive sentences and matching, general knowledge quizzes using the passive.
A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb.
An independent clause is a complete sentence.
A dependent clause is not a complete sentence.
A relative clause is a dependent clause that modifies a noun. It describes, identifies or gives further information about a noun. The information given in a non-defining relative clause is not essential to the meaning but a defining relative clause is essential to the meaning.
Phrasal verbs or multi-word verbs consist of a verb plus one or two particles (preposition or adverb + preposition).
There are three types:
1. Intransitive phrasal verbs which cannot be followed by a direct object.
2. Transitive separable phrasal verbs where an object pronoun can only come between the verb and the particle and an object noun can come either between the verb and the particle or after the particle.
3. Transitive inseparable phrasal verbs where the object phrase or object pronoun both come after the particle and may be best learned by vocabulary.
This unit reinforced my grammar skills and will be useful in future teaching activities.