The Future Tenses - Review of the Future Tenses


This video provides a comprehensive overview of all the future tenses in the English language: future simple, future continuous, future perfect and the future perfect continuous. This is especially helpful for ESL teachers around the globe teaching speakers of other languages.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This section continued our instruction on teaching English. The unit emphasized the necessity of both grammar and vocabulary when speaking a language by making a comparison to a tree, with its trunk and branches as grammar and its leaves as vocabulary. The first part of this unit covered teaching vocabulary. I learned that students usually know and understand a lot more words than they can use effectively. When choosing new vocabulary to introduce to students, it?s important to consider its appropriateness in age and level and the frequency with which they would use and see it as well as other aspects. Next, the text covered many different teaching techniques for vocabulary. For the engage step, students can be exposed to the words during conversation or through pictures or objects. For the study step, they can use a variety of worksheets such as crosswords or word searches, as well as practicing in their own readings or stories. For the activate step, they can practice using the words effectively in discussion, acting activities, or creating a story or poster. The second part of the unit showed how to teach grammar. The grammar one chooses to teach is usually determined by level and by the course syllabus. Students need to understand the meaning as well as proper use when writing or speaking using the grammatical structures. For engage steps, the students can gain exposure to these grammatical structures through question and answer or other discussion forms. For the study step, students need to practice sentence building, whether through written work or spoken practice such as in drills. Finally, for the activate stage, students can use role play or more discussion and debate to practice using the grammatical structures effectively. Finally, we learned about teaching language functions. Language functions are useful to students of all age and ability ? these are templates that students will use when having functional conversations in English. They must learn the appropriate level of politeness and how to identify it when using these language functions. Language functions are best taught using role play and dialogue activities.

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