The Future Tenses - Review of the Future Tenses - Additional Tenses in the Future
Besides the four future tenses in English (future simple, future continuous, future perfect and the future perfect continuous) there are three additional tenses we can use when speaking about the future. These include the 'going to' future, the present continuous and the present simple. This video gives you an overview how to use them for future statements.
Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.
Unit 8 was a lesson about Future Tenses. There are seven future tenses when including the future forms. Four future tenses follow the pattern of present and past tenses. They are the Future Simple, Future Continuous, Future Perfect, and Future Perfect Continuous. However, unlike the other tenses, the future tense has 3 other forms of future, which include the 'Be going' + infinitive form, present simple used to speak of the future, and present continuous used to speak of the future.
The structure of each tense or form is listed below:
Future Simple - Subject + will (shall, may, might) + base form of the verb
Future Continuous - Subject + will + be + verb + ing
Future Perfect - Subject + will + have + past participle
Future Perfect Continuous - Subject + will + have + been + verb + ing
Going to Future - Subject + present form of be + going + to + base verb
Present Simple - Subject + present simple verb form
Present Continuous - Subject + present correct form of be + verb + ing
The primary usage of each tense or form is listed below:
Future Simple - Used for spontaneous decisions, predictions with no evidence, future facts, and promises or threats.
Future Continuous - Used for actions in progress at a future time, predictions of the present, and polite inquiries.
Future Perfect - Used in speaking about actions that will be completed before a future time.
Future Perfect Continuous - Used to show how long an action will have happened by a future time.
'Going to' Future - Used for definite future plans decided upon before speaking and predictions based on evidence.
Present Simple when used to speak of the future - Used for time tables, schedules
Present Continuous when used to speak of the future - Used when speaking of future arrangements.
Teaching Ideas for each of these tenses/forms were also discussed.
What I learned: I was surprised to see the extra forms of the Future Tense. I, of course, being a native English speaker, know and use all of these forms properly. However, I don't remember ever seeing these forms classified as part of a list of the future tenses.
I was glad to see a video included again for this unit. :)