Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses Overview - Present Simple

 

We've seen the present tenses in isolation. Now, let's look at them together. Our first example is 'I play football every week.' This is the present simple tense and it has the structure 'subject I' + verb 'play'. This is quite a simple tense for students to form. However, they have to be aware of the third person singular form 'he', 'she' or 'it', which usually adds an '-s' or an '-es' to the end of the base form of the verb. 'I play football,' but 'He plays football.' Also, the question of negative forms using the auxiliary verb 'do' or 'does' 'Do you play football?' 'I don't play football.' 'Does she play football?' 'She doesn't play football.' The present simple tense is used to talk about habits, routines, facts and general truths and as such it's probably the most commonly used tense within the English language.


Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

Managing a class is an essential part of being an effective teacher. Eye contact is important throughout the class. It helps to achieve a number of objectives. It helps students feel that they are involved in the lesson. If a teacher maintains eye contact while giving instructions it helps the teacher know who is paying attention and who isn't. (The teacher can read body language or gestures that may express confusion) Eye contact can help the teacher encourage students to contribute to classroom participation. Some students may be shy and hesitant. The eye contact from the teacher makes them feel more of a participant instead of a spectator. Gestures, along with eye contact help teachers express meaning without having to use words. This is particularly beneficial for students who are new to English. These gestures can convey meaning without expressing words as the teachers verbal explanation can be reduced. Various gestures can add to the visual experience of learning as well. The voice of the teacher needs to be clear, not monotonous (boring) , and suitable for the level of the class. As a teacher, students will need to be grouped according to various activities. There are pros and cons based on this. Some individual work is necessary from time to time;however, it doesn't provide for much student talk time. Pairwork is helpful as it increases student talk time and interaction. Although it can be rather noisy and students may revert to their first language during the exercise. Group work allows for a fair amount of student talk time and interaction but it can be rather noisy. Along with that, some students may be more dominant or passive in groups. Shy students may participate very little. It's important for teachers to establish rapport with students as well as students establish rapport with each other. Knowing their names and using them is an essential part of that rapport building. Teachers should start the class off with an ice breaker activity so that students are comfortable with each other as well as the teacher. Activities should encourage interaction as a class. Teachers need to focus on giving instructions to students that are easy to understand. Using simple language is the key. They should give directions in a consistent manner (using the same words for the same commands) Some visual clues, pictures, gestures may also help to convey meaning for students that may have trouble. In the end, asking students to repeat the information provided will help the teacher fill any missing gaps and to ensure that students understand their instructions. Maintaining discipline in the classroom is necessary for effective teaching. As a teacher, its critical to focus on areas that will help prevent these disciplinary problems from happening. A few suggestions provided are: being punctual for class, preparing for the lessons, don't make threats that are not followed through, show the same respect that is expected from students, make lessons interesting, be enthusiastic about teaching, and establish rapport among students.


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