A brief overview of the content of Unit 1 can be divided into 7 sections which are shown below:
1) Important attributes of being a good teacher are,he or she should obtain good personality whereby,being kind and patient throughout his/her teaching life ,sincerely love his/her profession by teaching with a great willingness to share and spread knowledge among students. Further to that, the teachers should be able to entertain with students in order to carry out lively and vivid classes which can be memorable and inspire the interest of students. With all these, in return, students can be encouraged to join and participate in the class and become motivated learners in long run. And definitely, a solid and concrete subject knowledge of teachers are highly required, so the students can be able to access toward the true and useful knowledge which can be very much beneficial in every aspects of their whole life.
Not every students can open their hearts to the teachers,their characteristics can be varied, for example, some are introvert, some are extrovert. This will require the teachers to acquire skills beyond their teaching abilities, they should be able to blend themselves into students, involve with them, be a good listener, friend, guider, leader in order to have good rapport,interaction with students and equally involve all students throughout the lesson to gradually influence them. Besides, everyone make mistakes, students are not exceptional, teachers should not only be able to correct the students' mistake with their best subject knowledge, but also be careful with the method that he or she uses to rectify student's errors, in case, there will be unwillingness which would foster among students to accept rectification and criticism. Lastly, a good teacher should also be able to read his/her students, analyze their strength and weaknesses, try to become their mentor, help,guide and give them individual attention where it is necessary and relevant.
Apart from all above, I personally think a good teacher should always set themselves in a 'lifelong learning' mode, consistently update and improve their knowledge, skills which will as well set a very inspiring role model to students to understand that learning should be carried out in every individual's whole life, not only in school, not only for exams, every single minute in this world is a learning process.
2) 9 important role of teacher during typical lesson,they are: manager/controller, Organizer,assessor, prompter, participant,tutor,facilitator,model and monitor. The teacher may have played all these role during the class or may have only played a few of them. Which role is to be employed is largely depending on the activity,the goal and level that students aiming to achieve. In some stages of lesson, it requires the teacher to be more dominating and leading, while in other occasions, it will demand teachers to play more withdrawn role. Hence,it is significant for teachers to be able to switch between these roles appropriately and be aware of carrying out role in its necessity and when it is required.
3) General attributes of good learner: 1) Willingness to listen to the language. 2) Desire to experiment with the language.3) Willingness to ask questions. 4) Ability to think about their own learning process and methods. 5)
Acceptance of error correction. 6) Desire to lean.
4) The distinction between young learners and adults.
1) age, adults are for those who attained 18 years old. Young learners are classified into three categories, 13 plus learners are called as post puberty teen age learner; 8-12 years old is the pre-puberty learners;less or reached 7 years old are the very young learner. Whoever falls in different age groups shows different characteristics.
Adults usually have long history of learning experience and have fixed view on how teaching should be carried out;adults are often quite motivated as they are matured enough to make their own decisions to attend classes, so teachers wont need to put too much effort in encouragement and motivation; adults tend to be more nervous and anxious about making mistakes or being laughed at by fearing the feeling of 'loss of face', so teachers should be more gentle and encouraging with them; adults often happens to match new language to their native language which can sometimes appears to be problematic. They have a greater attention than young learners and as a result present fewer problems regarding on behavior and discipline. They have more life experience to bring into classes and makes them to be more interesting and varied which is easier for teacher to build rapport and good interactions.
Whereas, with young learners, their views are not so much fixed, they are more open-minded and shows better willingness toward new learning experiences and methods. They are less motivated as they made decision by themselves or lack of motivations to attend classes. Their independence and self control is in low level. However, they shows less nervousness than adults and far more likely to absorb language from context and usage in much the same way as they acquired from their own language but they have less attention span during lesson. And definitely due to their age, they don't have much life experience to share or bring in the classroom, teacher would need to do more in this pattern when comparing with adults.
Therefore, teachers need to use different approach and strategies on adults and young learners.
5)Different cultures, customs have different teaching approaches too. So a good teacher should be aware of the students' customs and their differences that could affect the success of the classes.
6) The most common breakdown of language levels are: Beginners, elementary, pre-intermediate, intermediate, upper intermediate, advanced. And each level has its own terms but it can be differ considerably depending on countries, where the person chose to work and which textbook is used. The knowledge can be expanded to know the common European framework that established recently by the Council of Europe states.
7) Mostly common motivation to attend English classes are:
1) For future career prospects.
2) For travel purposes.
3) To improve grades at school/achieve success in exams.
4) To study or live in English speaking country.
5) To communicate with colleagues/friends/partners.
6) Out of interest in languages.