Do you want to be TEFL or TESOL-certified in Japan? Are you interested in teaching English in Yao, Japan? Check out our opportunities in Yao, Become certified to Teach English as a Foreign Language and start teaching English in your community or abroad! Teflonline.net offers a wide variety of Online TESOL Courses and a great number of opportunities for English Teachers and for Teachers of English as a Second Language.
Here Below you can check out the feedback (for one of our units) of one of the 16.000 students that last year took an online course with ITTT!
Phonology classifies the physical properties of sounds. Correct pronunciation is achieved by analyzing stress, intonation, and rhythm in phonology.
Stress includes variation in individual words. One word cannot have two stresses. There can be a secondary stress in the sentence but it is usually smaller/ less pronounced than the main stressed word. Only syllables can be stressed, not individual vowels or consonants. There are also differences in stress between English speakers due to regional dialects.
Auxiliary verbs are not usually stressed (be, have, do). Articles are not usually stressed.
How to teach stress: Contrastive stress, gesture, choral work, writing on the board/ underlining, stress marks.
Sound joining: linking, sound dropping, sound changing, extra lettering.
Place of Articulation: bilabial, labio-dental, dental, alveolar, palatal-alveolar, palatal, velar, glottal.
Manner of Articulation: plosive, fricative, nasal, lateral, affricate, approximant.
How to teach pronunciation of individual sounds: peer dictation, over emphasize, visuals, phonemes symbols, tongue twisters.
Intonation: variation in volume and pitch in a sentence, carries the message (example, questioning, agreeing/disagreeing), expresses emotions and feelings, rises and falls, (sometimes denoted through arrows in a sentence, good way to gage what comes next in a conversation
How to teach intonation: 1) use nonsense words with dramatic gestures/ attitude, possibly using theatrical tactics or games, 2) use gestures, go the general direction of the rise or fall with your hand, 3) humming or singing, 4)write arrows on the board with the words
Teachers should learn to use the International Phonetic Alphabet to better assist their students.