How to Pronounce 'ULTERIOR'- English Grammar
In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word "ulterior". This word is an adjective and used to refer to something that is rather distant or situated far away. It can also indicate something that goes beyond something that is discussed or openly said. The word derives from Latin ulter and was first used in the English language in the 1600s.
Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.
Classroom management is very important for a teacher to get good results out of each lesso.
Classroom management can be defined as the skill of managing the classroo.
It includes organizing and managing the class, having a friendly calm attitude and maintaining disciplin.
There are many ways in which a teacher can manage his/her classroo.
A teacher?s physical appearance (eye contact, gestures) and voice play a major role in classroom managemen.
If a teacher is able to use his/her physical appearance and voice properly, it will lead to productive classe.
Good eye contact is necessary if the teacher wants to establish good rapport with his/her student.
The ways in which eye contact can be used are: ? To show students that they are all involved in the lesso.
? To ensure that students understand the lesson and exactly what they are suppose to d.
? To indicate who is to spea.
? To hold the attention of students who are not speaking at the momen.
? To encourage the student?s participatio.
? To maintain disciplin.
? To signal students when to start and end an activit.
Gestures are used to help express meanings to students, add visual interest, increase the pace of the lesson and reduce the need for verbal explanatio.
The use of gestures helps to reduce teacher talk time (TTT.
In addition, the teacher?s voice is an important tool in managing a clas.
In order to prevent boredom, the teacher will have to decide whether or not to speak loudly or softly during a lesso.
The teacher should at all times be entertaining and spark interest in his/her student.
There is also the need for grouping students during activities in the classroo.
Grouping students will encourage more student talk time (STT) and also pair interaction which will help to improve the languag.
The grouping of students depend on a number of factors: class size, classroom furniture et.
Teachers usually group students in different way.
Some of these are:
Whole class grouping Advantages: ? Creates a sense of belonging among the group ? Allows student interaction ? The class is easily controlled ? Easier to organiz.
Disadvantages: ? Reduced student talk time ? Students can avoid doing the activity ( lost in the crowd)
Individual Work Advantages: ? Helps the student to become more self-reliant ? Students can work at their own pace ? The teacher can respond to the student?s individual needs ? Less stressful than having to present in front of an entire clas.
Disadvantages: ? Less student-student interaction ? Activities might take a longer time to finis.
Pair work Advantages: ? Increases the opportunity for student-student interactio.
? Allows students to work together ? Allows the stronger students to help and support the weaker ones ? Easy to organize Disadvantage: ? The students may not like their partner ? The classroom may become noisy ? Students may revert to their native language ? Some students may prefer to work with the teacher than their peer.
4) Group work Advantages: ? Increase student talk time (STT) and student-student interaction ? Students are exposed to more ideas from their group members ? Encourages greater opportunity for students to experiment with the languag.
Disadvantages: ? The class can be very noisy ? The activity can take longer to begi.
? It may be hard for the teacher to control the class ? Some students may dominate the activity which will result in less student talk time from all student.
The students seating arrangement is important in managing a clas.
The seating arrangement usually depends on the space available, type of chairs, the age of students, student?s nationality and even student personalit.
Some of the seating arrangements which teachers implement in the classroom are: ? Orderly Rows- traditional seating arrangement which is usually good for whole class activitie.
? Circles and horseshoes- small class seating arrangement which is easily organized and the teacher has complete contro.
? Separate tables- seating arrangement usually used for group work activitie.
The teacher?s position is very important in the classroo.
The position of the teacher can tell you the type of activity, the role of the teacher and what the students are expected to d.
When writing on the board, the teacher should try not to turn his/her back to the clas.
A teacher should always know all of his/ her student?s names and try to include every student equally in any class activit.
A good teacher usually maximizes student talk time (STT) especially in the modern TEFL classroo.
However, teacher talk time (TTT) is important when establishing rapport, giving instructions and providing language inpu.
A teacher can lessen unnecessary talk time by using gestures, pictures on the classroom walls, keeping the lesson simple, using the language below the level of the class and even asking a student to explain the lesson after instructio.