How to Pronounce 'THOROUGH' - English Pronunciation

 

In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word thorough. This word is used as an adjective and means being careful about detail. The word comes from the Middle English word thorow, which came from the Old English thurh.


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The unit presents the seven most common future tenses in the English language. The first one is the future simple which follows the structure subject+will+base form of the verb. This tense is used to express future facts and certainties, promises and predictions based on no present evidence, assumptions, spontaneous decisions and threats. The second one is the future continuous which follows the structure subject+will+be+present participle. This tense is used to say that something will be in progress at a particular moment in the future, to predict the present (to say what we think or guess might be happening now), for polite enquiries referring to other people´s plans without influencing the listener´s intentions, and to refer to future events which are fixed or decided, without suggesting personal intention. The third tense is the future perfect which follows the structure subject+will+have+past participle. The future perfect tense is used to say that something will have been done, completed or achieved by a certain time in the future. The fourth tense is the future perfect continuous which follows the structure subject+will+have+been+present participle. We can use this tense to say how long something will have continued by a certain time. The fifth tense is the be going+infinitive. It follows the structure subject+verb ?to be? in the present+going to+base form of verb. This tense can be confused with the present continuous, so we must identify the difference which is that the ?be going to? structure is always followed by a verb. Finally, there are two tenses which are normally used as present tenses, but can also make reference to the future. The first one is the present simple used to express the occurrence of more formal situations that even though they are stated in the present, they will take place in the future. For example: ?Our new shop opens next month.? This tense can also be used to describe timetables and schedules, as in ?The train to Brussels leaves at 5:00pm?, and finally to suggest a more impersonal tone (often implying an outside compulsion), as in ?We start investigation tomorrow?. The second tense normally used as a present tense is the present continuous. This tense with reference to the future is used to express definite arrangements, like in the example ?I am bringing a cake to the party?, as well as for decisions and plans without a time frame, as in ?I am quitting my job.?


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