How to Pronounce 'THANATOLOGY'- English Grammar
In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word "thanatology". This word refers to the description or study of death and of the psychological mechanisms for coping with the phenomena of death. The word derived from Greek mythology where Thanatos was the personification of death.
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By physical presence we mean the teacher?s overall appearance or presentation, gestures, movements, contact with students, and eye contac.
These features are important in establishing a pleasant atmosphere during the classe.
Good eye contact is necessary if a teacher wants the participation of all the student.
A teacher should be aware how to maintain eye contact when necessary and appropriate because some students may feel uncomfortabl.
Gestures or body language are also a great benefit to teachers because they can help in conveying meaning to the students, can add visual interest and reduce TTT, and can be used to increase the pace or speed of a lesson and help in managing the clas.
The most powerful tool a teacher can have is his/her voic.
A teacher?s voice should have the correct clarity, volume, range, variety and projection in order to provide effectivenes.
Thus, teachers should know when to speak loudly in class and when to enjoy some quiet to.
When we are talking about class management we should also consider the seating arrangements, which also have some positive and negative aspects that can affect students? attentions and motivatio.
The kind of seating arrangement one can choose to use will depend on several factors such as: class size, types of chairs and tables, age of students, type of class activity, and size of the classroom, nationality, and student personalit.
Orderly rows ? This traditional seating arrangement is mostly suited for large groups of students and the teacher can have a clear vie.
It is very useful for whole class activitie.
Circles and Horseshoes ? This kind of seating arrangement is recommended for small classe.
It?s more relaxing for everyone and it gives the teacher a less imposing role in the classroo.
It is useful for pair work activitie.
Separate Tables ? This arrangement is good for group work, but it can lead to discipline problems because the students might feel too comfortable as a part of the group and this can provide a noisy atmospher.
One important thing that should work in a teacher?s favor is his/her positio.
The teacher should carefully choose where to stand/move/sit in the classroom and when to stand/move/sit during the lesso.
The teachers can divide the activities in several ways in order to keep the students motivated and willing to participate in the clas.
They can use: Whole class grouping Advantages: Easier to organize, teacher can easily control the class, students can interact with any member of the clas.
Disadvantages: Students can hide or avoid doing the activity,shy students may feel uncomfortable performing or participating in front of the whole class, mixed ability students have to work at the same spee.
Group work is good for greater student talk time and student interaction, students can choose their level of participation, students are exposed to more ideas from different people and speak in English and also experiment with language, but this kind of grouping can lead to noisiness, use of L1, hard to control et.
Pair work gives more opportunities for students to speak up and help each other, it is easy to organize and the students can easily try out ideas first before presenting to the class, but it can get difficult if the students don?t like their partners, or if the stronger student answers the questions all the tim.
Individual work is good because students can work at their own pace, the teacher can respond to individual needs of the students, but it is not good when activities take a longer time to finish, slow students may fall behind et.
Keeping all the students involved throughout the lesson is a very challenging task for a teache.
An effective teacher should know how to balance teacher talking time (TTT) and student talking time (STT) but in general terms, a good teacher should maximize or promote STT and minimize TT.
Behavioral problems can sometimes arise in the classroom because of several reasons such as family problems, low self-esteem, boredom, lack of respect for the teacher and other students, peer pressure, class size, reasons for being there, inability to catch up with the lesson, and a very lax teache.
The teacher should also establish a good relationship with student.
There are many things a teacher can do to help build rapport in clas.
Some of these things include: Showing genuine interest in the students, learning the names of the students, having a sense of humor , making oneself available before or after class, getting and encouraging the students to correct and help each other, having a variety of activities that include lots of pair work and group work , giving clear instructions, learning about students? interests, being respectful of students? beliefs and cultures et.