How to Pronounce 'PETULANT' - English Pronunciation
In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word petulant. This word refers to someone being rude in speech or behavior. Synonyms for the word petulant include grumpy, snarky or tempered. The word comes from the Latin petulant meaning to go to and attack.
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The condition in the \"if\" clause must be met for the consequence in the main clause to take plac.
There are five conditional.
(1) The zero conditional is used for general facts and truths, and situations that are certain to happe.
It is in the form of \"if/when + present tense, present tens.
\" Example: If the weather is hot, we perspir.
(2) The first conditional is used for possible future situations, promises, and threats/warning.
It is in the form of \"if + present simple, will + base for.
\" Example: If the weather is hot, I might go to the beac.
(3) The second conditional is used for dreams, fantasies, or hypothetical situations in the present/futur.
It is in the form of \"if + past simple/past continuous, would/could/might + base for.
\" Example: If the weather was hot, I would go to the beac.
(4) The third conditional is used for a hypothetical past situation with a hypothetical past consequence, such as regrets and excuse.
It is in the form of \"if + past perfect, would/could/might + have + past participl.
\" Example: If the weather had been hot, I could have gone to the beac.
(5) Lastly, the mixed conditional is used for a hypothetical past situation with a hypothetical present consequenc.
It is in the form of \"if + past perfect, would/could/might + base for.
\" Example: If the weather had been hot, I would go to the beach no.
Direct speech is when we direct quote someone, and when written, we use quotation mark.
Reported speech is when we recount the direct speech to someone els.
In reported speech not only do we change the pronouns used, but we also backshift verb tenses, time expressions, and pronouns that indicate physical location.
In contrast to direct speech, we do not use quotation marks for reported speec.
Through this lesson I've learned about the backshifting rule for reported speec.
It came naturally the form when I would retell someone somethin.
I didn't know that there were rules when backshifting for verb tense.
For the time expressions, I would always report using specific time expressions, but now I've learned other new ones that are acceptable but seemed off to me before because of the time difference between the direct speech and the reported speec.
Such as \"today\" to \"that day\", or \"yesterday\" or \"tomorrow\" to \"the day before\" or \"the next da.