How to Pronounce 'INCULCATE' - English Pronunciation
In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word "inculcate". This word is a verb and describes the act of teaching something through frequent repetitions. The word can be traced back to the Latin "inculcare", meaning "to tread on."
Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.
Language learning is influenced by many methodologies; however some are used more widely in TEFL settings. I believe the three most influential methodologies in TEFL are the Task-based Learning, Communicative Language Teaching, and Community Language Learning. These methodologies are all student-centered, and include real-life scenarios where students can practice relevant language learning. Elements of the ESA (Engage, Study, Activate) lesson formats are easily incorporated with these methodologies. Giving students the most amount of time to practice and explore their language learning is key to successful teaching. The teacher's role to support and encourage students while providing positive feedback are also essential to student success.
Using the basic ESA lesson structure, teachers have the flexibility to incorporate games, and other activities to keep students engaged throughout the lesson. Some activities such as, Alphabet Introductions, Partner Information Share, Sevens, and Alphabet Relay can be adapted for use with students from low to intermediate. However, Word Linking and Debates may need to be saved for higher level learners. Whatever activities the teacher plans they must be appropriate for the level that is being taught because if it is too easy, students will get bored and if it is too hard, they will get frustrated and lose motivation.
Feedback is also an important aspect of teaching. Feedback can come in many forms such as: checking answers, giving praise and encouragement, individual tutorials, and group discussions, to name a few. Positive feedback is as important as corrections during the learning process. Written corrections should be identified as to the type of mistake being made to allow the student to self-correct. Wait times when asking for responses is also important. Self-corrections should always be allowed first, then ask for another students' help, and finally, the teacher should correct when it is evident they cannot recall the answer.
This unit stresses the importance of following a structured lesson plan (ESA)and incorporate the ideas of several language learning methodologies to create a learning environment that is positive and comfortable for the learner.