In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word golem. This word is a noun and refers to a figure brought to life by magic in a Jewish legend. The word comes from Hebrew g?lem meaining ‘shapeless mass'.
Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.
This unit focused on the more abstract side of English grammar, namely the use of modal verbs, phrasal verbs and the passive voice. Modal verbs are verbs that change the \"mood\" of the sentence, and introduce some kind of abstract meaning such as ability, probability, necessity, suggestion, etc. While these verbs can be a little difficult to differentiate, I personally find them easy to use as they don't conjugate in the present tense. Still, they do have different tenses and can be similar in meaning (and sometimes even vary in use depending on the region), so I will take care to work through them with students using context, such as signs giving orders, or giving advice to friends.
The passive voice, while used somewhat less frequently in English than in some other languages, is still used to emphasis the object of an action, or when the performer of an action is unknown or unimportant. It is still fairly simple to form, as it is just the appropriate tense of \"to be\" with the corresponding past participle of the action verb. I find Japanese students tend to use this tense a lot, sometimes because they were incorrectly forming a different tense, and also because passive language is more common in Japanese.
Phrasal verbs are verbs that take a particle to completely change its meaning (such as to turn vs. to turn on). I didn't realize there were three types of phrasal verbs, such as intransitive, transitive separable (in which the particle comes before an object noun but after an object pronoun such as him or it), and transitive inseparable (in which the particle always comes before the object and is sometimes followed by a second preposition or adverb). The point of this section that I most agreed with was the fact that phrasal verbs should be learnt as new vocabulary and not as two individual words put together, as the particle can change the meaning of the verb dramatically. Still, phrasal verbs can be tricky and resemble each other (throw out vs. throw up), so practice makes perfect. On a side note, I find that phrasal verbs almost always have a non-phrasal equivalent (\"through up\" becomes \"vomit\" and \"throw out\" becomes \"toss\"), so I frequently tell me students that they should just be able to vaguely understand phrasal verbs, but that they don't necessarily have to worry about using them until later in their studies.