Elbow Room - English Idioms


The idiom "elbow room" refers to having enough room to move in or having the ability to act freely, for example: The concert was so crowded that there was hardly any elbow room at all. This means, there were so many people at the concert that you could barely move.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This unit is the final grammar unit and introduces modal auxiliary verbs, the passive voice, relative clauses, and phrasal verb.
Modal auxiliary verbs add meaning to the main verb and they express a number of ideas, such as obligation, ability, possibility/probability, advice, and permissio.
They can also be used to show different degrees of formalit.
Some good activities for teaching modal auxiliary verbs are role playing and using signs, such as traffic sign.
There are two voices used in the English language: the active voice and the passive voic.
While the active voice puts the focus on the main agent or subject, the passive voice switches the focus to the less important object or subjec.
The passive voice is most commonly used when something is not known, is not important, or when we do not want to say exactly who performs an actio.
The next grammar idea this unit taught was relative clause.
There are three relative clause.
The independent clause is a complete sentence and can stand on its ow.
The dependent clause must be connected to an independent clause to have it make sens.
The relative clause is a type of dependent clause which modifies the nou.
It can also be referred to as an adjective claus.
There are two different types of relative clause.
A defining relative clause contains vital information to the sentenc.
Without this information, the meaning of the sentence is change.
The other type of relative clause is the non-defining claus.
This information uses commas to identify where it is in the sentence and could be removed entirely without affecting the meaning of the original though.
The most difficult, in my opinion, grammar technique are phrasal verb.
There are three: transitive, transitive separable, and transitive inseparabl.
They are sometimes called multi-word verbs and they contain a verb plus one or two participle.
These verbs are best taught by dropping them into lesson conversations naturall.
The more the students hear them used, the easier it will be for them to use them on their ow.
It is also easier to teach them as vocabulary items as they can be very difficult for students to learn in a stand alone lesso.

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