In Time vs On Time - English Grammar - Teaching Tips

 

In this video Linda breaks down the difference between "in time" and "on time". Due to the fact that both expressions revolve around time, they can be quite difficult to distinguish. However, this video provides helpful examples and explanations that will help EFL teachers and students alike to grasp the difference.


Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

The two productive skills, which are speaking and writing, were examined in this unit. The difference between accuracy and fluency activities were elucidated. Accuracy activities focus on producing correct language in the study phase. Fluency activities focus on allowing the students to be creative with language and we do not care so much of accuracy and are more interested in flow of the communication. There are two type of speaking activities which are accuracy based; those are controlled activities of drilling and prompting as well as guided activities of model dialogues and guided role-play. Whereas Creative communication is fluency based activities that include role-play, discussions, information gap, debates, simulations, and communication games. Some students are not willing to participate in speaking activities because of a variety of reasons such as lack of confidence, fear of making mistakes, peer intimidation, lack of interest in the topic, etc. The teacher can encourage student interaction by some techniques of pair/group-work, plenty of practicing controlled/guided activities, creating a desire and need to communicate, giving students ample of time to think about what they are going to say. For the teachers, there are some guidelines to follow for before, during, and after those free/creative speaking activities. Some guidelines for during the activity are to try to relate the topic to the students' interests and experience, to set up the activities so that the students know the aims of the activities and what they do, to give them enough time to prepare, to monitor but not to interrupt except to provide help and encouragement, to evaluate in order to give feedback LATER not to make corrections immediately, etc. In terms of teaching writing skills, in addition to consider and incorporate the same factors as those for a speaking lessons, the teacher also needs students to understand differences in grammar, vocabulary, spelling, handwriting, layout and punctuation. There are many conventional and unconventional games that can be incorporated in the TEFL classroom. Some are competitive while others are co-operative games. We can adapt those games to help students learn English.


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