Affected vs Effected - English Grammar - Teaching Tips

 

This video covers the difference between 'affected' and 'effected'. As these two words have a similar pronunciation and spelling, their usage is often confused. 'Effected' means executed, produced, or brought about. On the other hand, 'affected' refers to the action of making an impact on something. Some example sentences would be: "The BP oil spill adversely affected marine wildlife in the Gulf of Mexico and surrounding areas." or "After the BP oil spill, the government effected sweeping environmental regulation." Both words are used in the past tense in these examples but can also be used in the same way in the present tense as 'affect' and 'effected'. They are also often used as a passive, such as 'was affected by...'.


Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This unit focuses on the grammar which emphasize in particular with conditions and speeches. Based from this unit; conditions are basically sentences that contain the word \"if\" which can be based from the different tenses either past, present or future. Thus, these conditions are subdivided into five types such as a) zero conditional in which emphasizes on general truth and general habits. Thus, we form it by adding if/when+the present simple form of the verb, and present tense; b)first conditional which emphasizes on possibilities or things in the future and we form it by adding if+the present simple,and then \"will\"; c) second conditional on the other hand focused on the impossible things in the present or the thing that are unlikely to happen in the future. And we form it by means of using if+past simple tense of the verb would +base form of the verb; d) third conditional in contrast focused on the things that didn't occur to happen in the past or in simpler words its an imaginary perspective in the past and we form it by means of using if + past perfect,and would+ have + the past participle of the verb; and the last but not the least is e)mixed condition in which we used it when we combine the second and third conditional clause and we form it by adding if+past perfect of the verb, would+ the base form of the given verb. All of these are the different types of conditions that need to be taught to our students slowly in order for them to gain a wide understanding about these topics. Meanwhile, this unit also discusses about the forms of speech which includes the direct and indirect speech. Direct speech are usually the sentences that we utter verbally or personally while indirect speech are the sentences that we usually reported. Thus, changing direct to indirect speech follows rules depending on the tense of the verb being used which is presented in a tabular form in this unit. Aside from that, it also enumerates some of the techniques that we can use as educators in teaching these kind of topics to our students since lots of mistakes are encountered by students usually with regards to these set of topics. Therefore, it only implies that as educators we should teach our students in a level where they will be able to grasp the information fully but slowly. We should be sensitive and evaluative enough with regards on the speed on how our students will be able to grasp ideas and information. Furthermore, we should also think of strategies and techniques that will help our students to learn eagerly and easily based on their level and capacities.


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