Conditionals and Reported Speech - What Are Conditionals?


This video is the first video of our series on conditionals and reported speech. The conditionals are commonly referred to as "if" sentence structure speaking about if this happens then that happens.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

UNIT 4 : THE PRESENT TENSES Present Simple Present Continuous Present Perfect Present Perfect continuous Generally, Unit 4 is about the present tenses which is one part of the English language that challenges student.
Reading through this unit, i learned that the present tense is grouped under 4 major categories as mentioned abov.
In order to make the teaching and learning process easier, the form and usage of the present tenses must be mastered by the teache.
Form: Its either positive or negative and questio.
The form carries fundamental roles which reveals grammatical point.
for example; -present continuous:affirmative (subject + aux verb \"be\" +verb + ing), negative (subject + aux verb \"be\" + not + verb + ing), question ( aux verb \"be\" + subject + verb + ing) -Present perfect : affirmative (subject + aux verb \"have\" + past participle), negative ( subject + aux verb \"have\" + not + past participle), question ( aux verb \"have\" + subject + past participle) -Present Simple: Affirmative ( subject + base form [+ s/es]), negative ( subject + aux verb \"do\" + not + base form), Question (aux verb \"do\" + subject + base form.
-Present perfect continuous: Affirmative (subject + aux verb \"have\" + been + verb + ing), negative (subject + aux verb \"have\" + not + been + verb + ing), question ( aux verb \"have\" + subject + been + verb + ing) If the teacher have a mastery of the forms then it will be easy for the student to understand the present tenses of the English language Usages; Present simple, for example directions and instructions ( go left, then turn right) Present Continuous: this tense is used to describe developing situation.
for example, its getting colder Present perfect: This tense is used when we talk about things which began in the past and its still true now at the time of speakin.
For example, we have lived in Europe for five year.
Present perfect continuous:We use this tense to communicate an incomplete and an ongoing activity when we want to say how long it has continue.
For example, I've been dating for the last 10 year.