Conditionals and Reported Speech - Special Cases in Reported Speech


This video covers special cases in reported speech that do not follow the typical pattern. This video is specifically aimed at teaching reported speech in an ESL setting.

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This unit covers the topic of future tenses. Future simple tense meant to express: facts and certainties of the future, prediction and assumption about certain events or activities, promise or threat, and spontaneous decision. Examples: The weather station says it will rain this evening. You will regret drinking all that beer today. Future continuous tense meant to express: something that might happen in the future, asking others politely regarding their decisions or plans, point out something that is going to happen Examples: I will be eating at the restaurant tomorrow. You'll be coming to the after party tonight, right? Randy will be running back under the heavy rain right now. Future perfect tense meant to express something being accomplished by the specific time in the future. Examples: That building will have finished its construction by next week. He will have swept the floor by this afternoon. I will have done all my homework by tonight. Future perfect continuous tense meant to express how long a certain action or condition been continued for a period of time. Examples: By now, she will have been crying in her room for two hours. It must be a terrible crash, his car will have been repairing for over two weeks by this Friday. \"Going to\" future tense is the most common usage, it meant to express: a decision, prediction based on current evidence, and plans. Examples: I'm going to get some groceries for dinner tonight. He is going to the hospital if he keeps drinking like that. We're going to leave for a trip to Australia. Present simple tense and present continuous tense also have applications that refer to the future. Present simple tense can: suggest a formal situations, indicating schedules and timetables, and to state something impersonally. Examples: The gas price raises again next week. The airplane leaves at 8.00pm tonight. He leaves for work tomorrow because his parent is sick. Present continuous tense can either indicate a definite arrangement or planned decision without a time frame. Examples: Everyone is celebrating his birthday tonight. Josh is quitting his job.

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