The Past Tenses - Lesson on Past Tenses in the EFL Classroom
Here are helpful tips how to identify the various past tenses in the English language and complete worksheets successfully. The video also helps you to structure an effective lesson around the past tenses in an EFL classroom around the world.
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The past tense consists of four forms; past simple, past continuous, past perfect and past perfect continuou.
The past simple is made up of the subject and the base form of the verb plus ed or d except in the irregular form.
The past simple is used for actions completed at a definite time in the pas.
It is used for: ? For a past action when the time is give.
Example: My grandaunt died in
2010. ? When the time is asked abou.
Example: When did James Cook discover Australia? ? When the action took place at a definite time even though this time is not mentione.
Example: The train arrived 2 hours ag.
? Sometimes the time becomes definite as a result of a question and answer in the present perfec.
Ex: Where have you been? I have been to Happy Valle.
Did you enjoy it? The past continuous consists of the subject plus the past tense of the auxiliary verb to be (was/were) and the present participle of the ver.
The past continuous is used for interrupted past action.
Some usages of the past continuous are: ? It is used without a time expression and can indicate gradual development that took place in the pas.
Example: It was getting darke.
? To express an action that begun before that time and even continued after i.
Example: Emma was having dinner at 6:30p.
The past perfect consists of the subject plus had and the past participle of the ver.
The past perfect relates the past in the pas.
It is a look at the past from a past perspectiv.
Example: When I went back to the house, I realized that I had left the front windows ope.
The example is showing an action that occurred before another action in the pas.
The windows were left open before the person went back to the hous.
The past perfect continuous consists of the subject, had, been and the present participle of the ver.
The past perfect continuous is used to talk about longer actions in the pas.
These actions had been going on continuously up to the past moment mentione.
Example: Before playing basketball, Jack had been training in the school gym for two hour.