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TESOL Videos - Modals and Passive Voice - Passive Voice Usages
There are certain instances where we tend to use the passive voice instead of the active voice. This is true when the agent is unknown or unimportant. We also use the passive voice to change focus or to conceal the agent. Find out more about this topic in this video.
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This unit covers the conditionals and reported speech. Conditionals are referring to sentences that contain \"if\"/\"when\" and \"will\". \"if\" a certain requirement has been met, somebody \"will\" fulfill a main clause. There are five main variation of conditionals. Zero conditional: Used to illustrate facts Form: if/when + present tense, present tense Example: The air depressurize when you open the window. If the cup flips, the water splatters. First conditional: A real situation in the future that is possible or certain, once the requirement are met. Form: if + simple present, will Example: If the tree falls, it will hit the shed. If you hurt yourself bad enough, you'll send to the hospital. Second conditional: Usually an unrealistic wish or hypothetical situation that is not happening currently and most unlikely to be true. Form: if + past simple, would/could/might + base form Examples: If i owned a spaceship, I would fly to other galaxies. If he lost his job, he might become crazy. Third Conditional: Used to make up a past hypothesis that could affect a current hypothetical result. Form: If + past perfect, would/could/might + have + past participle Example: If you had joined the road trip, you would've been dead right now. If she had stayed in her hometown, she could've been married already. Mixed Conditional: It is used by combining a second conditional clause