Modals and Passive Voice - Main Usages Of Modal Auxiliary Verbs


In the English language, there are nine true modal auxiliary verbs. These include: will, would, should, shall, might, may, must, can and could. The main usages of modal auxiliary verbs include expressing abilities, advice, deduction, obligation, offer, permission and possibility.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

Unit 11 is based on receptive skills. The two receptive skills are reading and listening. Two of the main reasons for reading and listening are for a purpose and for entertainment. Reading and listening is not a matter of using only the eyes and ears but also understanding the information and processing it based on pre-existent knowledge in order to get a better understanding. When persons read or listen, their understanding of the information will depend on their expertise in the following areas: ? Predictive skills- predicting contents of an article. This prediction can be made based on the title or introduction. ? Specific information- when you listen and read for specific information. ? General idea- general understanding of the content. ? Detailed information- read in order to understand everything in detail. ? Deduction from context- when you understand the meaning of individual words or phrases from the context in which you listen / read. Teachers have to be careful when they teach using the receptive skills. When you read, the content is easier to understand as the reader can go over the information more than once. However, when students listen to the teacher, the information sometimes become too much and they get confused. There are many ways in which a teacher can approach this language learning problem. Some of these are pre-teaching vocabulary and careful selection of texts for the lesson. The teacher should create interest in the students by engaging them with things they find to be entertaining. The teacher should also choose topics that are interesting and comprehension tasks that promote a better understanding of the lesson. A successful receptive skills lesson should include the following: ? Material that students are interested in ? Build interest before reading or listening ? Pre-teach complex vocabulary ? Vary the type of material ? Use the material to practice different skills ? Comprehension tasks that help with understanding ? Incorporate activate phases that naturally lead on from the text.

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