Conditionals and Reported Speech - The Mixed Conditional

 

The mixed conditional deals with the present results of imaginary situations in the past. This video is specifically aimed at teaching the mixed conditional in an ESL setting.


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MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS
1. May is used to ask for polite request.
Also would, and could are modals used for polite requests as well as can, but can is informa.
In addition, May is used to make assumptions when someone is 50% certain of somethin.
If someone is nearly certain of something he/she has to use mus.

2. Must and have to are modals used to express obligatio.
But must is always used to make assumption.
It is used when we are almost certain of somethin.

3. Could is a modal used to give suggestio.

4. Have to expresses necessity and obligation, but have to used in negative expresses that something does not need to be don.

5. Should is a modal that expresses that something is almost certai.
PASSIVE VOICE We form the passive voice using the object followed by the verb BE (in tis various forms) plus the verb in past participle form and if the performer of the action is necessary to be mentioned, we have to use ?by.
PHRASAL VERBS Intransitive phrasal verbs cannot take a direct objec.
July is getting ahead in her caree.
The president showed up lat.
Transitive phrasal verbs do take a direct objec.
They tore down the buildin.
They tore the building dow.
They tore it dow.
People in Japan have to take off their shoe.
People in Japan have to take their shoes of.
People in Japan have to take them of.
There are transitive phrasal verbs that cannot be separated She came up with a plan to stop junk e-mai.
The people did not put up any resistance to the gan.
RELATIVE CLAUSES Defining relative clauses give important information of the subjec.
We need this information to recognize the person or place we are talking abou.
The woman that found my wallet has called three time.
My best friend who got married last year graduated yesterda.
Non-defining relative clauses provide extra information of the subject, information that is not relevant to understand who or what the speaker is talking abou.
A non-defining relative clause is enclosed in comma.
Peru, which is located in south America, has grown economicall.
Stuart, my university classmate, is moving ou.