Conditionals and Reported Speech - The Mixed Conditional


The mixed conditional deals with the present results of imaginary situations in the past. This video is specifically aimed at teaching the mixed conditional in an ESL setting.

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MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS 1. May is used to ask for polite requests. Also would, and could are modals used for polite requests as well as can, but can is informal. In addition, May is used to make assumptions when someone is 50% certain of something. If someone is nearly certain of something he/she has to use must. 2. Must and have to are modals used to express obligation. But must is always used to make assumptions. It is used when we are almost certain of something. 3. Could is a modal used to give suggestion. 4. Have to expresses necessity and obligation, but have to used in negative expresses that something does not need to be done. 5. Should is a modal that expresses that something is almost certain. PASSIVE VOICE We form the passive voice using the object followed by the verb BE (in tis various forms) plus the verb in past participle form and if the performer of the action is necessary to be mentioned, we have to use ?by?. PHRASAL VERBS Intransitive phrasal verbs cannot take a direct object. July is getting ahead in her career. The president showed up late. Transitive phrasal verbs do take a direct object. They tore down the building. They tore the building down. They tore it down. People in Japan have to take off their shoes. People in Japan have to take their shoes off. People in Japan have to take them off. There are transitive phrasal verbs that cannot be separated She came up with a plan to stop junk e-mail. The people did not put up any resistance to the gang. RELATIVE CLAUSES Defining relative clauses give important information of the subject. We need this information to recognize the person or place we are talking about. The woman that found my wallet has called three times. My best friend who got married last year graduated yesterday. Non-defining relative clauses provide extra information of the subject, information that is not relevant to understand who or what the speaker is talking about. A non-defining relative clause is enclosed in commas. Peru, which is located in south America, has grown economically. Stuart, my university classmate, is moving out.

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