Modals and Passive Voice - Giving Advice


Another way to approach teaching modal auxiliary verbs is in context, for example, "How to give advice". This is especially useful for students of higher levels that have some knowledge of the various modal auxiliary verbs.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

Unit 16 talks about conditionals and reported speech. Conditionals are statements that refer to past, present, and future possibilities. There are five main types of conditionals which are zero, first, second, third, and mixed conditional. The zero conditional deals with actions that are irrefutable by using \"if\" or \"when\" with no change in the meaning. The first conditional is used for a 'real' situation in the future that may be possible once the condition has been satisfied. The second conditional type is used for hypothetical situations that are not true and have a slim chance of being true. The third conditional deals with a hypothetical past action matched with a hypothetical result. As for mixed conditional this is a mixture of a second and a third conditional clause that alludes to a hypothetical past action or state and a hypothetical present consequence. These clauses can be quite confusing for students to learn. Because of this it would be favorable to have creative ways for the students to practice using the conditional clauses so they can learn to differentiate them. This can be done by giving them conditional sentences to complete, have students take turn finishing conditional statements for each other, create split sentences for them to match up, and give them conditional questions to discuss. For example, \"what if?\" questions would suffice. After the conditional portion of the unit there was information about reported and direct speech. This language skill would be taught to students so they could tell a third person about their conversation with someone else. For example, this language can be used in a situation where someone would tell their roommate when their other roommate would return home from a vacation after speaking to them. The statement could be, \"Ava said she would be home tomorrow evening.\" There are rules of how to change direct speech to reported speech and the table provided in the unit shows it in a clear and concise manner. The table's set-up is excellent to use to teach to students.

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