Modals and Passive Voice - Difficulties for Students


This video looks at the difficulties students have when learning modal auxiliary verbs. The number of usages and the modal auxiliary verbs that can be used for various usages often bring about problems for the students. Also, the structure of sentences with modal auxiliary verbs can be confusing. Watch this video to understand all the difficulties students face with modal auxiliary verbs.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

In this unit there has been 4 topics. Passive voice, Modal auxilary verbs,phrasal verbs and relative clauses. Modal auxilaries are can ,coul,be able to,must,have to,have got to,ought to,would,should,will ,need to,might and shall. Modal auxilaries do not change according to person .they are followed by a verb in its base form. They Express different degrees of formality such as obligation,possibility,permission,prohibition,ability and advice. Relative Clauses means describing,identifying,giving further information about a noun. To identify the noun we use who,which,that,whose and where. Defining relative clause means the information given is essential to the meaning of the sentence. Non defining relative clause means the information given is not essential to the meaning of the sentence. There are three types of phrasal verbs. A. Intransitive phrasal verbs. Can not be followed by a direct noun B. Transitive seperable .an object pronoun can only come between the verb and the particle C. Transitive inseperable . the object phrase or object pronoun both come after the particle. In the passive voice the object of an active verb becaomes the subject of the passive verb. Both sentences have the same meaning. For example Sally sells the bags near the seaside. That is an active sentence in the simple present tense. We may change this sentence to passive like that, the bags are sold near the seaside by Sally. There are some rules for changing from active to passive form. Simple present tense am is are past participle Simple past tense was were past participle Present perfect tense have has been past participle Present Continiuos tense am is are being past participle Future tense will be *going to be past participle Modals auxilary be past participle Past perfect tense had been past participle

Check out ITTT's Blog Posts

Apply for your TEFL/TESOL Course!
  • 1The application process is free and does not commit you in any way.
  • 2Anyone fluent in English and aged 18+ is eligible for our courses.
  • 3No previous experience or qualifications are required.
  • 4Apply today and receive a free e-guide covering
  • 5Sign up for your course before 31 May, 2019 and receive an additional course free of charge. *
* Applies to in-class courses, combined courses, diploma courses and 120-hour online course with tutor and videos
Personal data
Course Details
Additional Info

Where would you like to teach? (optional)

The personal information we collect on this page will be treated in accordance with our privacy policy.
By submitting this form you declare to have read and agreed to the Terms & Conditions.