Modals and Passive Voice - Difficulties for Students


This video looks at the difficulties students have when learning modal auxiliary verbs. The number of usages and the modal auxiliary verbs that can be used for various usages often bring about problems for the students. Also, the structure of sentences with modal auxiliary verbs can be confusing. Watch this video to understand all the difficulties students face with modal auxiliary verbs.

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In this unit there has been 4 topic.
Passive voice, Modal auxilary verbs,phrasal verbs and relative clause.
Modal auxilaries are can ,coul,be able to,must,have to,have got to,ought to,would,should,will ,need to,might and shal.
Modal auxilaries do not change according to person.
they are followed by a verb in its base for.
They Express different degrees of formality such as obligation,possibility,permission,prohibition,ability and advic.
Relative Clauses means describing,identifying,giving further information about a nou.
To identify the noun we use who,which,that,whose and wher.
Defining relative clause means the information given is essential to the meaning of the sentenc.
Non defining relative clause means the information given is not essential to the meaning of the sentenc.
There are three types of phrasal verb.
Intransitive phrasal verb.
Can not be followed by a direct noun .
Transitive seperable.
an object pronoun can only come between the verb and the particle .
Transitive inseperable.
the object phrase or object pronoun both come after the particl.
In the passive voice the object of an active verb becaomes the subject of the passive ver.
Both sentences have the same meanin.
For example Sally sells the bags near the seasid.
That is an active sentence in the simple present tens.
We may change this sentence to passive like that, the bags are sold near the seaside by Sall.
There are some rules for changing from active to passive for.
Simple present tense am is are past participle Simple past tense was were past participle Present perfect tense have has been past participle Present Continiuos tense am is are being past participle Future tense will be *going to be past participle Modals auxilary be past participle Past perfect tense had been past participle

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