Modals and Passive Voice - Adapting the main verb


Another point that students find difficult to understand is that modal auxiliary verbs have no tense. Some modals cannot be used to talk about the past or the futures. Watch this video to find out more about this topic.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

A lesson plan is a detailed plan or procedure used to teach or demonstrate lessons to students. Writing such plan can be tedious, time-consuming, and difficult work. Some may even question why the need to write a lesson plan. It is safe to say that a lesson plan can enhance learning experiences and opportunities. The functions of a lesson plan are; it can used? as an aid to planning. This is writing what is expected of the students to acheive at the end of the lesson; a lesson plan can be a working document. This helps to keep the teacher on target also to refer to in class; it can be used as a record. This documents what is being done in class and materials used. It also tracks all lessons done in class over a period of time. There is no special way to doing a lesson plan. If there are changes to be made in the plan, it should be noted alongside the plan. There are some principles of lesson planning: Keep the plan simple; do not script the lesson as the teacher should make the plan flexible to adapt to the class; structure the plan and maintain the structure; always include an anticipated time to complete each activities in the plan; check for balance of skills make the activities fit to ensure a smooth flow of the lesson. Some items that need to be in the lesson plan to ensure the principles are followed are: The learner objectives The personal aim The language point The teaching aid Anticipated problems for the teacher and students Procedure Phase Timing Interaction of the class Class level The number of students Date and time The teacher's and observer's name Planning more than one lesson is the more or less same as planning for one lesson. There are issues that must be looked at: The flexibility of the teacher to change or make changes? to the plan What are the goals of the teacher for their students Revision of the lesson content to ensure that students retain the lesson The variety and balance needed to involve all? skills and equal treatment for each lesson and also a mix of activities for these plans

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