Pronunciation and Phonology in the EFL Classroom - International Phonetic Alphabet

 

A better way to go about imparting how to make sounds or what sounds are utilized in a word, is this international phonemic alphabet. Now we have as mentioned one symbol being used in all the words which share that same sound. Now once we get a little bit more familiar with our phonemic alphabet we can also show how different our different sounds can be as in this symbol for ?ooh?, this symbol for ?ow? and this symbol for ?uh?.


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When studying the English language, the future tense is being considered as one of the most complex grammatical system, as it consists of seven different forms concepts. The future tense can be sorted to the future simple, future continuous, future perfect, future perfect continuous, be going + infinitive, present simple and present continuous. Future simple tense is used to indicate future facts, promises, predictions, assumptions, spontaneous decisions and threats. The structure of the tense is shown as follow ?will/ shall + verb?. There are four usages of the future continuous tense which it is usually used when an action or event that happens in the future during a specific time period, predicting events that might happen at the moment, to ask other?s decisions or plans politely and to refer to certain incident that will be happened in the future. The future perfect tense is used to indicate events which will be completed during a specific time in the future, for example, ?Mary will have lived in this apartment for 10 years by this Sunday.? The future perfect continuous might have the most complex structure among the future tenses as it is composed with five parts as follow ?will + have + been + verb + ing?. Its function is to state that the duration of an event will be continued at a certain time. The following three forms of future tense however own a different form compared to the above four future tenses, and it might also lead to confusion when learners are trying to approach these grammatical concepts, it is due to the following tenses have the structure of the present tense, however, the actions or event they are implying will be taken place in the future. The first one is ?be going + infinitive? which is used to state a person?s intention, a prediction made based on present evidence and plans that have decided ahead. Although the form of present simple and present continuous will remain the same as they show in present tense, their function will be changed. Present simple tense is used to propose a formal incident, to mark down an event in timetables and schedules and to state an impersonal time. Present continuous tense will be used to note absolute arrangements and to state actions or decisions without indication of time.


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