Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Simple Usages


The two most common usages for the present simple tense are habits and routines, as well as general facts and truths. Our example of routine would be 'I teach every Monday.' We've used our subject 'I', our base form 'teach' and 'every Monday' speaking about the routine that I have. We also have our general facts 'The sun rises in the east.' Here, 'the sun' would follow under the pronoun 'it' so we've had to conjugate our verb per our pattern and finish our sentence. We could also talk about general truths such as likes or dislikes. 'I like football,' or 'He likes football.' Of course, there are other usages but these are the two most common.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

Lesson planning can be very helpful to teachers to ensure their classes are as successful as possible. They can help teachers plan how the lesson will be carried out; provide a working document in the class for the teacher to refer to but also allows for in-class adjustments; and offer a record of what the class has covered and the materials used for the future and also for any teachers who may need to cover your class if you are absent. Lesson plans should be simple to understand, especially if you might need to refer to them during the class. However they are not a script to follow and should just be there to remind you of the plan and help you keep time in the class. They offer a structure to your class, which should be well balanced between the different types of skills used, and having this will offer flow to the lesson as you can link materials together. Most importantly they should be flexible to the needs of your class. In order to prepare for the class you should ensure you have your lesson plan and go through it one more time to allow you one more time to check it and also check you have the materials you need. Once this has been completed, check the equipment you need to use in the class is working and that you know how to use it. Finally lay your materials out so they are easy for you to access when you need them, arrange the seating of the class as you need and clean the board so it is ready to use (or write anything you might need on it in advance if you desire). Once this is all done wait at the door for your students and chat to them as they enter to make them more at ease. When preparing your lesson plan you should make sure to include the follow: what the students will have learned from your class (learner objectives); your personal aims for the class; the theme of the lesson and how it relates to previous and future lessons (language point); any materials or aids you will use to teach; problems you anticipate for both the teacher and the students; the procedure; the phase of each activity (Engage, Study or Activate); the timing of each activity; what type of interactions will be occurring in each activity (Teacher-Student, Student-Student, or individual work); the class level; the number of students; the date and time of the lesson; and the name of the teacher and any observers. After each lesson be sure to evaluate how it went. Keep notes of your lessons to be able to change parts that were weaker or more difficult to understand and also to consider what went well and can be used in different ways in the future. When planning a sequence of lessons, make sure they are very flexible as you will need to often make updates as you progress. Make sure to have goals for both you and the students to aim for as you go and make time for revision of what you have already learned too. As always, make sure you have variety and balance of skills in your plans to keep the students interested.

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