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TESOL Videos - Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Simple Form
We'll begin our examination of all the tenses by first looking at the present tense. There are four present tenses and we'll begin with the present simple tense. It's the most common tense in the English language as it talks about things in general, general facts, routines, habits. Those are usages that we'll look at in a little while but first let's focus on the form of the tense. Here, we've got our subjects 'I', 'you', 'we', 'they' and the base form of the verb followed by the rest of our sentence. Here for the 'he', 'she' and 'it' subjects, we have to conjugate our verb and in this case we've added an '-es' for 'teaches' followed by the rest of our sentence. With subjects 'I', 'you', 'we' and 'they' the pattern stays the same throughout we use the base form of the verb. However, with subjects 'he', 'she' and 'it' we have some patterns for verb conjugations that we need to have a look at.
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Teaching pronunciation and phonology skills are prominent to the process of teaching English language. Pronunciation and phonology are deemed as integral parts to learners. While pronunciation is referred to how words are pronounced, phonology is concerned with the scientific study of how words are uttered. An effective teaching of English language includes the full implementation of apprising pronunciation, stress, rhythm and intonation systematically. Intonation is the way a pitch is being pronounced by the speaker. Intonation provides as well as changes meanings of words and/or sentences depending on how the pitch is uttered. Intonation consists of three major patterns, including rise/fall, fall/rise and flat intonations. Rise/fall intonation pattern is mainly used when people express agreement, disagreement, and emotion. It is also used when people want to ask questions. Alternatively, English speakers use fall/rise intonation pattern when expressing surprise and disagreement. Additionally, this pattern emphasizes on receivers? response and/or confirmation to speakers during conversation. Lastly, flat intonation pattern indicates that the speaker is either uninterested in the talk being involved, or doesn?t have much to say. Stress is found in all multi-syllable words in English. Similar to intonation, stress alters the meaning of messages. Stressed words imply that the emp