English Grammar Overview - Parts of Speech - Worksheet
Here are some tips on completing your parts of speech worksheet. When providing examples for each part of speech, five one-word answers will suffice for almost all of them. However, we'll need to clarify this for the gerunds. This is basically due to the fact that what you've written can either be used as the main verb in a sentence, that would be the present participle, or can be used as the gerund. For example the word "playing" wouldn't be enough, as it can be used both as the verb or the gerund. So, an example sentence such as "I like playing poker." would suffice rather than simply the word "playing".
Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.
There are five conditionals: zero, first, second, third, and mixed conditional.
Zero conditionals are formed with if/when + present tense, present tens.
They are used when referring to actions and facts that are absolute and can't be contested or changed, such as \"If you add blue food coloring to white frosting, it will turn blu.
\" They are only and always in the present tens.
First conditionals are created with if + present simple, will (would, could, should, may, etc) and are used to describe scenarios that are very probable or even guaranteed as long as the conditional is me.
\"If I win the lottery, I will be ric.
\" Second conditionals are formed with if + past simple, would/could/should + base form of ver.
They are used to communicate an unrealistic future that would have occurred had the conditional been met (but the conditional is in the past and therefore most likely will never be met.
\"If I knew she was a cheater, I would be married to someone els.
\" The third conditional is formed with if + past perfect, would + have + past participa.
It is used for creating hypothetical situations in the past with hypothetical possibilities and consequences, neither of which are likely to be possible as they are both hypothetical situations and the conditional is unable to be satisfie.
\"If I had finished school, I would have been a docto.
\" Mixed conditionals are often confused with third conditionals, as they are both formed with the past perfec.
Mixed conditionals, however, are a combination of second and third conditionals, formed with if + past perfect, would + base for.
They are used to refer to a hypothetical past action or state and the hypothetical present consequence, as opposed to third conditionals which refer to both the hypothetical action and resulting consequence in the pas.
\"I would be in jail now if I had robbed that ban.
\" Along with conditionals, this chapter went over direct and reported (indirect) speec.
Direct speech is always repeated (if at all) in the same tense it was originally said i.
If someone said, \"I am having the best time at this amusement park,\" in a group of three people, and person number two didn't hear them and asked, \"What did he say?\" person number three would reply, \"He said he is having the best time at this amusement par.
\" The only changes made were the pronoun from 'I' to 'he' and the verb from 'am' to 'was' to signify that person number one was the subject, not person tw.
Reported speech is when someone is talking about what someone else said, rather than repeating it directl.
When reporting, The tense changes depending on what the original tense wa.
Present simple changes to past simple, present continuous changes to past continuous, present perfect changes to past perfect, present perfect continuous changes to past perfect continuous, past simple changes to past perfect, past continuous changes to past perfect continuous, and both past perfect and past perfect and past continuous stay the sam.
When using 'will' when reporting, it changes to 'woul.
' Pronouns also change to make clear who the subject was talking to or about when the reported conversation actually occurre.
\"I hate bears,\" Sally said, becomes She said she hates bears to him (her/it/they/us/etc.