English Grammar Overview - Parts of Speech - Worksheet

 

Here are some tips on completing your parts of speech worksheet. When providing examples for each part of speech, five one-word answers will suffice for almost all of them. However, we'll need to clarify this for the gerunds. This is basically due to the fact that what you've written can either be used as the main verb in a sentence, that would be the present participle, or can be used as the gerund. For example the word "playing" wouldn't be enough, as it can be used both as the verb or the gerund. So, an example sentence such as "I like playing poker." would suffice rather than simply the word "playing".


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Conditionals are sentences that use words like 'if,' 'when,' etc to express a hypothetical possibility, rather than an event that actually occurred. There are five conditionals: zero, first, second, third, and mixed conditionals. Zero conditionals are formed with if/when + present tense, present tense. They are used when referring to actions and facts that are absolute and can't be contested or changed, such as \"If you add blue food coloring to white frosting, it will turn blue.\" They are only and always in the present tense. First conditionals are created with if + present simple, will (would, could, should, may, etc) and are used to describe scenarios that are very probable or even guaranteed as long as the conditional is met. Ex. \"If I win the lottery, I will be rich.\" Second conditionals are formed with if + past simple, would/could/should + base form of verb. They are used to communicate an unrealistic future that would have occurred had the conditional been met (but the conditional is in the past and therefore most likely will never be met). Ex. \"If I knew she was a cheater, I would be married to someone else.\" The third conditional is formed with if + past perfect, would + have + past participal. It is used for creating hypothetical situations in the past with hypothetical possibilities and consequences, neither of which are likely to be possible as they are both hypothetical situations and the conditional is unable to be satisfied. Ex. \"If I had finished school, I would have been a doctor.\" Mixed conditionals are often confused with third conditionals, as they are both formed with the past perfect. Mixed conditionals, however, are a combination of second and third conditionals, formed with if + past perfect, would + base form. They are used to refer to a hypothetical past action or state and the hypothetical present consequence, as opposed to third conditionals which refer to both the hypothetical action and resulting consequence in the past. Ex. \"I would be in jail now if I had robbed that bank.\" Along with conditionals, this chapter went over direct and reported (indirect) speech. Direct speech is always repeated (if at all) in the same tense it was originally said in. Ex. If someone said, \"I am having the best time at this amusement park,\" in a group of three people, and person number two didn't hear them and asked, \"What did he say?\" person number three would reply, \"He said he is having the best time at this amusement park.\" The only changes made were the pronoun from 'I' to 'he' and the verb from 'am' to 'was' to signify that person number one was the subject, not person two. Reported speech is when someone is talking about what someone else said, rather than repeating it directly. When reporting, The tense changes depending on what the original tense was. Present simple changes to past simple, present continuous changes to past continuous, present perfect changes to past perfect, present perfect continuous changes to past perfect continuous, past simple changes to past perfect, past continuous changes to past perfect continuous, and both past perfect and past perfect and past continuous stay the same. When using 'will' when reporting, it changes to 'would.' Pronouns also change to make clear who the subject was talking to or about when the reported conversation actually occurred. Ex. \"I hate bears,\" Sally said, becomes She said she hates bears to him (her/it/they/us/etc).


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