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TESOL Videos - TEFL Video Journal - Video Testimonial -TESOL TEFL Reviews - Week 3
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
"This unit explores the different types of materials teachers can use in the classroom and how to incorporate the materials into lesson plans. Firstly, the unit defined the types of materials, which can be authentic or non-authentic in nature. Then factors which must be taken into consideration when including these materials in the lesson plan were stated. The teacher must determine the teaching point, the mechanics of the use of the materials in the classroom, and the ways to ensure the students understand how to do the activities. All of these must be determined before doing the lesson. Secondly, this unit discussed lesson planning.The lesson plan is a working document which can be used by relieving teachers if a regular teacher is unable to teach due to unforeseen circumstances.The lesson plan needs to contain all the details required to perform each step of a lesson, such as the length of time allocated to each task, the materials required for each task, what the teacher will do, what the students will do, any problems the students and teacher may encounter during the lesson, and of course, the date and time of the lesson, the academic level, and the number of students. The lesson plan is also a hard copy of what language points have been covered and when they were covered.How much of the lesson will be covered will depend on student factors, so having a lesson plan is important for recording class progress as well.A lesson plan should only be used as a guide during the lesson, as much of the success of the lesson will be determined by the students' understanding. An example of a lesson plan was included in this unit. Thirdly, this unit discussed the advantages and disadvantages of textbook materials.Textbooks are non-authentic in nature, but have been designed to build on previous knowledge of language. Textbooks should not be used for an entire lesson. Teachers should decide what parts of the textbook will suit their students, and provide other materials to ensure all of the objectives of a lesson are met. A textbook is designed as a \""one-size-fits-all\"" material, but in a real classroom, this is often not the case.This unit suggested four different options for customizing the textbook materials to be of use: omit, replace, supplement, and adapt. Fourthly, this unit made a point of the importance of using internet sources for both the teacher's planning of activities, as well as resources which the students can use to supplement their learning in the classroom.Certain sites may not be suitable for students, and their use may not be free. This unit looked at the factors which must be considered when using internet materials for lesson purposes. Finally, this unit looked at classroom management factors, which are just as important as the lesson materials used, because the success of a lesson depends just as much on the delivery of a lesson by a teacher. Factors such as gesture, tone of voice, direction of attention, eye contact, teacher position, class monitoring and feedback, clarity of instructions,use of names and class familiarity, are just as important as the lesson plan and choice of materials. This unit listed some behaviors which would hinder the learning process, such as having favorites in the classroom, not being prepared for classes, shouting at students as a first response to bad behavior, lack of interest in the students, and being inconsistent with rules. "