Figuratively vs Literally - English Grammar - Teaching Tips
This video covers the difference between 'figuratively' and 'literally'. Even native speakers commonly confuse these two words. The word 'figuratively' is used when talking about something metaphorically. 'Literally', on the other hand is used for things that are real or really happen. Watch the video for detailed examples on the two words.
Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.
This unit clarifies the importance of teaching English language pronunciation and phonology. However, pronunciation is the most difficult topic for most of the foreign teachers and learners too to go through it confidently and methodically. A good teacher should always consider the pronunciation lesson as an integral part of the course.
Phonology indicates the study of whole sounds system in English Language.
Intonation and Stress are well studied under phonology study in this unit.
Intonation refers the variation of pitch and volume in a sentence where stress is concerned with a particular word. Intonation can be studied as three different patterns:
1) Rise/fall is typically used pattern
2) Fall/rise is also commonly used pattern that shows the expectation of answer from speaker's client
Followings are some techniques for indicating and teaching intonation:
1) Nonsense words 2) By gesture 3) Humming or Singing 4) by making marks on the board
Ability of indicating the right stressed words in a sentence help to understand what speaker is trying to say.
Following basic rules should be considered while studying about Stressed words:
1) One word can't have more than one stress unless it is not a longer word.
2) Only syllables can be stressed not individual vowels or consonants.
Same as in Intonation, followings techniques can be used to teach Stress:
1) Contrastive Stress 2) by gesture 3) choral work 4) the board and 5) Stress marks on the sentence.
Linking, sound dropping, sound changing and extra lattering are the major four ways of joining sounds in English.
Linked speech in speaking English language indicates how a native English speaker speaks usually.
Students should be persuaded to learn the phonemic alphabet by focusing on the real sounds rather than trying to speak in a traditional way.
The chart given in this unit relevant to the manner and place of articulation can be very helpful.
Peer dictation, use your own mouth, visuals, phonemes and tongue twisters are the best teaching methods for pronunciation of individual words.
Technically, the best time and way of teaching pronunciation may depend upon the different teachers according to the subject topic. However, followings are commonly used idea to teach it:
\"whole lesson\", \"lesson slots\" or \"as and when required\