Theories, Methods & Techniques of Teaching - Audio Lingualism
So what we're going to do is to run through a series of methodologies that were created mainly in the 1900s that adopted the idea that language learning should be much more communicative, much more natural. The first one is called audiolingualism and it's also called the army method because of where it was developed. Basically, psychology, during the 1950s and 60s, was building up new theories about behaviorism. Perhaps the most famous experiments that were done in this particular area were by Pavlov, where he was showing that most animals undergo a stimulus response mechanism and he had a series of famous experiments, where by ringing a bell, he could cause a dog to salivate, that would be his response, in the expectation of getting some food. This behaviorist idea of stimulus response was put into an actual teaching methodology. Basically, in the audiolingualism method these two parts of the name tell us what actually happens. "Audio" is to listen and lingual is to repeat. So what we do is a series of drills and these intensive verbal drills help us to get the use of the particular language.
Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.
The best way for myself to relate to these is to write each one out as per the lesson plan and the vide.
Present Simple ? is most commonly used and relates to things in general, facts, routines and habit.
Also, used in sentences as commentaries, directions, instructions and historical sequence.
Subject Aux Verb (helping) Main Verb ? I/you/we/they teach ? use the base form ? He/she/it teaches ? conjugate the verb by adding s, es, ies - I/you/we/they do not teach - He/she/it does not teach Aux Verb (helping) Subject Main Verb ? Do I/you/we/they teach ? Does He/she/it teach For third person, singular verbs add s, es, constant plus y change to i and add es (cry-cries.
Present Continuous ? is used with action in progress at the time of speaking or around the point in time of speakin.
Also, used to describe developing situations and background of events in a present story or developing situatio.
Subject Aux Verb (helping) Main Verb ? add ing ? I am teaching ? you/we/they are teaching ? He/she/it is teaching - I am not teaching - you/we/they are not teaching - He/she/it is not teaching Aux Verb (helping) Subject Main Verb ? Am I teaching ? Are you/we/they teaching ? Is he/she/it teaching The positive and negative can be wrote in contraction form such as I?m not teaching, she?s not teaching, we aren?t teaching et.
Reminder that beginners may have trouble with the contracted for.
Most non-action verbs are not used in the continuous for.
Present Perfect ? this relates the past actions with present results, or talking about something that began in the past and still true no.
Used in completed past actions carried out in an unfinished perio.
Subject Aux Verb (helping) Main Verb ? past participle ? I/you/we/they have played ? He/she/it has played - I/you/we/they have not/haven?t played - He/she/it has not/hasn?t played Aux Verb (helping) Subject Main Verb ? past participle ? Have I/you/we/they played ? Has He/she/it played ?For? is used with periods of time and ?since? is used with points of tim.
?Been? is finished and ?gone? is still happenin.
There are no rules with irregular past participles verbs and must be memorize.
Some examples are read ? read, be ? been, write ? written, speak ? spoke, think ? though.
Present Perfect Continuous ? This relates the past to the present and may continue onto the futur.
Can also describe a recently finished activity that has a present resul.
Subject Aux Verb (helping) Main Verb ? add ing ? I/you/we/they have been teaching ? He/she/it has been teaching - I/you/we/they have not/haven?t been teaching - He/she/it has not/hasn?t been teaching Aux Verb (perfect helping) Subject Continuous Aux Verb Main Verb ? add ing ? Have I/you/we/they been teaching ? Has he/she/it been teaching With present perfect Continuous the result is focused on the action/activity not the result or completed actio.
Note: the PCC is not used to communicate the number of things we have don.