Teaching Special Groups in ESL - Do's and Don'ts When Teaching Young Learners


There are some general Do's and Don'ts that need to be considered when teaching young learners. Watch this video to get more insight into teaching this special group of learners.

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Conditional speech exists in five forms, the zero, first, second, third, and mixed conditional.
Conditional sentences use two clauses with the words \"If\" or, in the case of the zero conditional, \"when\.
The zero conditional is used to report things that are always true, or scientific fact.
It combines the present tense and a second clause that is also in present tens.
The first conditional combines a present tense clause with a modal like \"could\" or \"might\" to express things that could happen in the future or are possible no.
The second conditional uses a past tense clause and a modal like \"could\" or \"would\" to discuss unlikely situations such as winning the lotter.
The third conditional combines the past perfect form of a verb with a modal, have and the past participl.
This kind of sentence describes impossible hypotheticals or things that did not happen in the pas.
Mixed conditionals combine elements of any of the other conditionals and are more rar.
\"If I had eaten lunch, I would not be hungry now,\" is an exampl.
of a mixed conditiona.
Reported speech is another difficult element of English because it appears counter-intuitive and often native speakers themselves do not even follow the rules for reporting speec.
Reporting speech requires us to take direct speech and then backshift the tense, adopt an appropriate pronoun, and also to change other features such as time or place to make the speech accurat.
For instance, if Jake said \"I went to the store yesterday to buy some milk for you (Iris)\" we would report this as \"Jake said he had gone to the store the day before to buy some milk for he.
\" The time was sometime in the past and the action is completed, so we should change the tens.
If it was actually yesterday that his happened, we could include yesterday, but otherwise we need to include a more vague phrase like \"the day before\.
Finally, we should identify any people with their name or the appropriate pronoun, in this case \"her\.
Students need to spend time learning the rules for how to change the conjugation.

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