Teaching Special Groups in ESL - Top 10 Tips When Teaching Beginners

 

Regardless of which type of beginners you are teaching here are our top 10 tips for the teaching of beginner classes.


Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

In unit 4, I studied the present tenses. The chapter was divided in 4 parts: present simple, present continuous, present perfect and present perfect continuous. Then, I analyzed their forms, usages, student typical errors and some teaching ideas to put into practice during the activate stage. Present simple Form Affirmative: subject + base form (s/es for 3rd person singular) Negative: subject + aux. verb do/does + not + base form Question: aux verb +subject + base form Usages: routine actions, permanent facts, present stories, directions or instructions, commentaries, newspaper headlines, historical sequence. Present Continuous Form Affirmative: subject + aux verb be + verb + ing Negative: subject + aux verb be + not + verb + ing Question: aux verb be + subject + verb + ing Usages: to talk about an action that is in progress at the time of speaking, to talk about a temporary action that is not necessarily taking place at the time of speaking, to emphasize actions, to talk about past events in a present story, to describe developing situations, to refer to an action that normally takes place around a point of time. *Non action verbs are not used in the progressive form. (like, hate, love, want, believe, own, appear, wish, etc.) Present Perfect Form Affirmative: subject + aux verb have + past participle Negative: subject+ aux verb have + not + past participle Question: aux verb have + subject + past participle Usages: to talk about finished actions/ states that happened at an indefinite time, to talk about past actions with present results, when we talk about an action that began in the past and is still true now. Present perfect continuous Form: Affirmative: subject + aux verb have + been + verb + ing Negative: subject + aux verb have + not + been + verb + ing Question: aux verb have + subject + been + verb + ing Usages: to talk about an incomplete and ongoing activity (we want to mention how long it has continued), to describe a recently finished action which has a present result *Non action verbs are not used in the progressive form


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