Conditionals and Reported Speech - Reported Speech Overview
This video is a review of the reported speech in the English language. We take a look at the necessary changes in terms of place, time and tense necessary. This video is specifically aimed at teaching reported speech in an ESL setting.
Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.
This unit introduced Future Tense and I think it is the most challenging tense for me. Below is the summary note that I gathered from the material.
Affirmative form (subject + shall (for subject I or We)/will + verb
Negative form (subject + will not/shall not + verb)
Question (shall/will + subject + verb)
Negative question (Shall/will + sub + not + verb or Won?t /Shan?t + sub + verb?)
Contraction (I?ll, you?ll, shall/ shan?t (UK only), won?t etc.
Future Continuous (subject + will + be + verb + ing = Present Participle)
Affirmative (Example: We will be waiting for you)
Yes/No Question (Will you be holding a rose? Yes, I will./ No, I won?t.)
Negatives (I won?t be holding a red rose.)
Future Perfect (subject + will + have + past participle)
Affirmative (Example: I will be working here for 2 years.)
Yes/No Question (Will you have worked??)
Negatives (She will not have worked?.)
To use as the past in the future:
The car will soon have done 1000,000 miles
To use when a future event will be completed:
By the end of summer, I will have completed this course.
At the end of year, I have mastered this computer!
You will have reviewed the material before you sit the exam, I presume?
When they arrive, I will have finished cooking dinner.
Future Perfect Continuous (Subject + will + have + been + verb + ing)
Affirmative (Example: I will have been working here for 2 years.)
Yes/No Question (Will you have been working here for 2 years?)
Negatives (I will not have been working here for 2 years.)
When use for saying ?how long something will have continued by a certain time?:
By the time you get here, I will have been working for six hours.
(Future perfect continuous often includes an adverbial expression that begins with ?by?)
be going + infinitive = going to future ( subject + be verb + going + to + base form of verb)
Affirmative (Example: I am going to play football next week.)
Yes/No Question (Are you going to play football next week? Yes, I am/No, I am not)
Negatives (I am not going to play football next week.)