The Past Tenses - Overview - Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous

 

In this video, we provide you with a useful overview of the various past tenses. We focus here especially on the differences between the past perfect and past perfect continuous.


Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

The final unit was dedicated to troubleshooting the most frequent possible problems we may face when working with our students. From our first lesson, we must set the tone of a fun, inviting atmosphere by getting to know our students as much as we can (this will also help us evaluate their English strengths, levels, weaknesses, desires, and needs) through ice-breakers. Building rapport is the focus of the day, and it is important to not dive into boring textbook work at all for the first lesson, nor at the very start of subsequent lessons. It is is better to warm up the class with fun games to avoid boredom and withdrawal. It is also important to find a balance in the material that will ensure students of higher comprehension are not bored in class while those with the lowest English levels are not struggling to keep up with the rest. An ideal solution is to pair advanced and beginner students so they may work with each other, but monitor the pairs so the advanced students don't do all the activity alone. It is important to not use the native tongue when speaking to the students, as they may get used to relying on it when struggling, rather than trying to improve their English. However, we cannot be to strict and force every word they utter to be in English, or they may be too timid to try, or get frustrated if they cannot explain what they are trying to say. It is best to monitor the content taught to ensure it is at a comprehension level easy enough to avoid the students needing to rely on their first language. The same can be said of listening texts -- it is important to be at a level the students can grasp and digest. Too advanced, and they may be dissuaded, too easy, and they will get bored. Finally, we are reminded if any student is reluctant to try plenty of pair-work, controlled practices, role-play, and tape-recorders to get them motivated and ready to learn! The most valuable asset to the classroom is the attitude we teachers bring, we must always be kind, fun, and teach in a manner that excited and encourages participation so the students are eagerly involved in the learning process.

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