Pronunciation and Phonology in the EFL Classroom - Phonemes

 

In this video we'll be looking at the international phonemic alphabet and how it's used in the classroom. There are other phonemic alphabets but this is the most popular and the system, which is most widely used. You may have seen some of these symbols before as any good dictionary will supplement standard English spellings with the phonemic spellings to aid in pronunciation practice. Here we have a situation where we have what are called phonemes and each phoneme represents a sound within the English language. How is this helpful? Well, what it does is help students understand how to say words rather than simply relying on the often archaic English spellings. To illustrate this point let's for a moment put ourselves in the shoes of our students when trying to understand how to say the following words.


Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This unit on teaching special groups acknowledges that the needs of students often vary according to their ages, whether the students are individuals or groups, the make up of the class and the specific needs of those who are studying English for their business. There are various types of beginning students: Absolute beginner, False beginner. Adult beginner, Young beginner, Beginner without Roman alphabet. Their needs and capabilities vary and should be considered in teaching them. Tips for teaching beginners are given including: Methodology and techniques; Possible Problems; and Motivation. Teaching individual students differs from teaching groups and considerations for doing so are presented. Suitable 1-1 activities are suggested along with advice for homework and checking. Teaching children can be especially rewarding but their special needs and capabilities should be considered. In the classroom it is important to create an atmosphere that encourages learning. The lessons need to be engaging and paced to the students developing abilities. Some do?s and don?ts are presented to aid in class discipline and management. The clients for business English and English for Specific Purposes (ESP) usally have specific needs and interests related to using English in their careers and work environments. It is important to determine what their requirements are. This can be done through a needs analysis and planning the course accordingly. A needs questionnaire followed by needs negotiation is useful in planning the program and customizing it to fit. A mid-course evaluation allows for feedback and for adjusting the course. Guidance for the teacher is provided in how to go about teaching business English classes, including materials; things to consider; before you begin; a reminder that the teacher's expertise is in English, not the company's business; and what to do on arrival, during the course, and after the course. There are differences between the monolingual and the multilingual class, but avoiding the use of the mother tongue in the classroom is important in both In general, a good teacher above all considers his or her students in choosing how to present lessons that will be most effective in helping them become proficient in the English language.

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