Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Perfect Continuous - Board Game


There's another activity for comparing and contrasting the tenses focusing here in this activity on the present perfect and the present perfect continuous. So in the activity, students will start at the start and roll a die. Perhaps they can roll a 5. They will read 'something you've been learning for a long time'. The appropriate sentence may be 'I've been learning English for a long time.' The next student may go and roll 4. They read 'a beautiful place you've visited.' Then, rather than the present perfect continuous, they would use the present perfect tense: 'I visited Paris.' You can encourage students to even ask follow-up questions, which would also include other tenses: 'What was so beautiful about Paris?' Now, this activity will be particularly good for your more advanced students who are capable of using various tenses accurately. It's also good in the beginning of your course when students perhaps don't know each other very well and they're using this as a way to learn about their past experiences.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

Planning lessons plays an important role within the procedures of teaching and learning. Lesson planning is generally subject to controversy since there have been debatable arguments on whether or not planning lessons should be implemented by EFL teachers. More precisely, while some suggests that lesson planning should be done; other advocates that it restricts flexibility and freedom of learners? choice. However, it is argued that preparing for a lesson is of use as long as the latter goes smoothly and flexibly. It is crystal clear that planning lessons generates more organization and comprehension for learners throughout the period of the lesson. Broadly speaking, lesson planning assists teachers to reconsider and prepare inevitable principles such as aid planning, documents, and record. For further illustration, aid planning acts as the objectives and aims that teachers desire to achieve by the end of the lesson. Documents refer to materials and activities being implemented during the lesson and record means the language points and/or activities being covered. Practically speaking, when writing down the lesson planning; EFL teachers ought to bear the following criteria. Planning lessons is supposed to be simple, flexible, and structured in terms of structure and time. Accordingly, EFL teachers? planning lessons should abide by the following standards: learner and teacher objectives, theme/ language, aids/tools, predictable problems, activities, phase-ESA-, timing, interaction (S-T/S-S), class level and number, and lastly time and date. All of the above mentioned principles play great deal of importance towards the effectiveness and productivity of learners? learning process. Organization is one of the prominent features of the lesson planning principles. A well-organized teacher creates a successful and smooth lesson for learners. In this sense, organization signifies the process of prior-checking, pre-preparation and seating arrangement along with breaking the ice technique for friendlier and less controlling atmosphere. In this regard, for an organized lesson, it is mandatory for EFL teachers to bear in mind the following standards when preparing for a sequence of lessons all at once. These criteria range from the flexibility, goals, variety, balance of the lesson, to the emphasis on regular revision for learners. At this stage, teachers should be attentive to make the lesson flexible, balance, variable and taking into consideration the process of conducting constant revision and assigning goals for learners. As the course of the lessons proceeds, it is of worth for teachers to develop their quality of teaching. To this end, monitoring the strengths and weaknesses of everything related to lesson improves the quality of teaching for teachers as well as enhances the level of learners. In this interpretation, teachers become able to maximize the strengths and minimize the weaknesses that sound ineffective during the lesson. Hence, EFL teachers are ought to comply with the pre-stated standards for more flexible and effective lesson planning act.