This video is part of our video series on "Evaluation and Testing of Students". In this video, we look at the most common academic English exams learners of English take around the world. It is important for EFL teachers to know these different types of proficiency test as they will most likely come across them during their teaching career.
Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.
Unit 2: Parts of speech.
This section of the course offers a great deal of information on English grammar and the classification of words according to their function in a sentence.
The 8 main parts of speech are:
a) Nouns - a noun names people, animals, places, things, qualities, and states. the main forms of nouns are, Plural - meaning more than one, countable nouns (things that can be counted) , and uncountable nouns (things that can't be counted). examples of nouns are; bird, flower, Paris, pig.
b) Verbs - a verb is a word or phrase that describes an action or state in a sentence. Verbs can be transitive ( directly followed by an object), intransitive (simply does an action and is not followed by an object), auxiliary verbs which help form a structure in a sentence, and lastly the infinitive form of a verb is a verb in its basic form and is usually preceded by to.
c) Adjectives - used to describe nouns in a sentence, they are usually used in groups of 2 or 3. adjectives take a form of a comparative ( usually ending with er) and a superlative (ending with eat).
d) articles - there are two types of articles, definite ( the - which is particular and specific) and indefinite ( a & an - used when a noun is general)
e) Adverb - adverbs add meaning to the verb, there are 5 main types of adverbs ( Manner, place, time, degree, and frequency). Adverbs are usually formed by adding LY to an adjective and are usually placed after the object of a transitive verb.
f) Pronouns - are words used in place of a noun. There are 4 types of pronouns;
personal - I, me, you, she, we, they.
possessive - mine. yours, ours, hers, his.
reflective - myself, yourself, ourselves, themselves.
relative - who, which, whose.
g)Gerund - is the \"ing\" form of a verb used as a noun, it can be used as subject or an object in a sentence.
h) Prepositions/ Conjunctions - prepositions show a relationship between a noun and a pronoun in a sentence. Examples of prepositions are; before, at, onto, between.
A conjunction joins words or causes in a sentence, they can be used to join pairs of nouns, adjectives, adverbs, verbs and phrases. examples of conjunctions are; nor, not only, both, and, but.