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TESOL Videos - TESOL TEFL Reviews - Video Testimonial - Oksana
This TEFL review video was recorded by ITTT graduate Oksana. Oksana is currently teaching English in China to adults and children. Having already completed her TEFL certification course with ITTT, Oksana is now looking forward to taking the online Certificate in Teaching Business English.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
Conditionals are sentences that imply that something has to happen for another situation can happen. In all the conditional sentences there are two clauses: the â€œifâ€ clause and the main clause. Both of them can come in the first part of the sentence. The first one contains the condition to be satisfied before the situation stated in the main clause can be realized. We can identify five main conditionals: Zero conditional, first conditional, second conditional, third conditional and the mixed conditional. All of them have their own form and use depending on the actions or facts that have to be satisfied. In this unit, there is also reference to Reported speech and Direct Speech. Reporting a direct speech means â€œto backshift the tenseâ€. This can be done by changing the sentence into its past. E.g. Present Simple tense is reported in Past Simple; Present Perfect tense is reported in Past Perfect; etc. There are exceptions, for example, sentences in past perfect and in past perfect continuous are reported in the same tense because they are as past as they can be. We never use quotation marks in reported speech because we are not quoting the exact words spoken. I have learnt that we have to follow certain patterns in order to express what other individual said. This can be seen when reporting direct sentences. We are always reporting in our mother tongue, but we do not realize that we are going backwards in time. This can be confusing in English because, as is not our native language, the always existent exceptions to the rules may show up. For example, we do not backshift a sentence that implies a fact that is true at the moment of reporting. i.e. â€œThe oceans are warmer than decades agoâ€ -> He said the oceans are warmer than decades ago. This reported fact is still true, so we do not backshift the tense of the sentence.